Krasnoknizhnogo Chukchi kulika - lopatnja will try to plant in bondage
Moscow, 19 avg - News. Baby birds krasnoknizhnogo Chukchi kulika - lopatnja, most bystroischezajushchej birds to Russia, on Thursday have brought from Chukotka to Moscow, and then will send to Britain where them will plant in bondage 4 population restoration, Elena Lappo has informed News the senior research assistant of Institute of geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
" the Similar complex project on rescue of any kind of birds in Russia was not throughout many years. Scientists and active workers of wildlife management from 13 countries of the world will be involved in the project on rescue kulika - lopatnja which nests only in Russia on Chukotka. The risk of fast disappearance is so great that project start on artificial cultivation of a kind 4 creation of population for the purpose of the subsequent release in the nature, is extreme, but a necessary measure " - the head of the International working group on preservation kulika - lopatnja Evgenie Syroechkovsky has explained.
As the scientist earlier informed, population krasnoknizhnogo kulika was reduced for last 30 years in 10 times, and still through 10 - 15 years the kind can disappear. In 1977 ornithologists estimated population lopatnja in 2,2 thousand pairs birds, and according to all available information for their today remains no more than 200 pairs. The reasons of sharp reduction of population of this bird definitively are not clear till now.
According to Syroechkovsky, it pionernyj the project: in returning in the nature of so small kind on the size, thus the distant migrant who is flying by through one and a half ten of the countries, still never were engaged. Reproduction in bondage small kulikov - challenging task. Many aspects of this WRK will be tested for the first time.
Having RCVed all necessary permissions, ornithologists have gone to expedition to Chukotka. There, near the settlement Mejnypilgyno, has been collected eggs lopatnja, baby birds from which hatched in incubators. On a sea-craft of baby birds delivered to Anadyr where MTH dorashchivali B4 an adult status, preparing 2 12 - to hour flight to Moscow.
After monthly quarantine in the Moscow zoo, 16 baby birds who have arrived to capital on Thursday, will transport in centre of science in Slimbridzh in Great Britain where within next two years it is necessary to create conditions at which birds not only will generate steams, but also will successfully deduce offspring.
" Similar projects were spent W cranes and krasnozobymi kazarkami and were quite successful. W kulikami before anything similar did not do, but in conditions when the unique kind disappears such QIK rates, and dwelling conditions change, including owing to anthropogenous influence in nesting places, it seems to me quite possible to use this method of preservation of population " - has explained News the co-ordinator of program WWF of Russia on vodno - to marsh grounds Olga Anisimov.
the Rescue operation
Scientists from Russia and Great Britain have gone in the middle of May to Chukotka 2 nesting places kulika - lopatnja.
" our command managed to find nests lopatnej and to take from them eggs which then have placed in an incubator. After a while baby birds have begun vylupljatsja, and our problem consisted in that in an integrity and safety to deliver them to Anadyr " - has explained Lappo.
According to the scientist, in settlement Coal Save, near Anadyri, 4 newborns the open-air cage, the size five on seven metres which settled down in territory of the thrown military base has been prepared. To provide to baby birds comfortable conditions EVN at bad weather, over an open-air cage part have established a canopy and have put an ultra-violet lamp.
" In the first days of life baby birds did not eat a special dry feed CUZ usually eat live midges. That as - that to leave a situation, it was necessary to catch mosquitoes and flies in tundra. To accelerate process has helped " nou - hau " - gathering of insects by the vacuum cleaner included in the petrol generator that approached much better a traditional net " - the interlocutor of agency has added.
gradually scientific it was possible to translate baby birds to a dry feed W/ O what the further transportation of baby birds on continent was impossible. After monthly quarantine in Moscow baby birds will go further to English Slimbridzh where the international command of biologists will continue to grow up them in an open-air cage and will try to RCV offspring.
softer English climate is closer than Lopaten to weather conditions of places of natural wintering lopatnja in Jugo - East Asia. Chukchi inhabitants will be in Slimbridzhe, at least, before achievement of a sexual maturity, that is till two years.
" Returning of birds in the nature will begin after creation in bondage of sufficient numerous and stably breeding population. Before it is necessary to solve a large quantity of problems W protection of habitats of a kind in nesting areas, along a line of migrations and on winterings " - has explained Lappo.
the Project is carried out by Russian society on preservation and studying of birds of a name of Menzbira and supported by the International organisation on preservation of birds (BirdLife International) and its partners. Experts are involved in WRK on artificial cultivation from the British Trust on waterfowls and vodno - to marsh grounds (to Slimbridzh, Great Britain) and employees of the Moscow zoo. Experts take part in field WRK on Chukotka from the Zoomuseum of the Moscow State University, the Russian Academy of Sciences and Institute of wildlife management of Ministry for Protection of the Environment and Natural Resources of Russia. The basic financing provides the Royal society of preservation and studying of birds of Great Britain.