the Judaic feast a Khanuka. The inquiry« a feast of candles » - it is celebrated from 25 dates kislev on the second date tevet on the Jewish calendar (can drop out for the period from the end of November till the end of December) and proceeds eight days. The name of this feast occurs from expressions hanukkat ha - bait (Temple sanctification) or hanukkat bejt Hashmonaim (sanctification of the house Hasmoneev).
the Feast is devoted « to a miracle » to an event at sanctification of the Second judaic Temple after victory of Jewish captain of the host Judas Makkaveja over armies selevkidskogo the tsar of Antiochus in 164 year B.C. The butter necessary for ignition of the temple lamp (menorah), was, on a legend, is defiled by enemies. Jews have found only one jug « pure » olive oil. It should suffice for days, but the lamp burnt eight days. In memory of this event the Khanuka is celebrated eight days.
In the first day of a feast light one candle, in the second - two and etc. while last evening all eight candles are not lighted. A precept to light hanukalnye fires it is necessary to execute extremely carefully. It is obligatory 4 all: EVN the beggar living on handouts, is obliged to borrow money or to sell the clothes, to buy butter or, at least, candles 4 hanukalnogo the lamp. Since ancient times the custom has extended to execute a precept ABT ignition hanukalnyh fires in the way which in the Talmud is called « megadrin mines gamegadrin » (« Best of the best ») Namely: ANY1 member of a family lights the lamp, in the first evening – one spark, in the second – two, and so on.
It is not accepted, that women lighted hanukalnye lamps: they do the duty, being present at ignition of fires by the husband or the father and responding « amen » on blessings which he thus says. EVN the unmarried woman herself does not light hanukalnyj the lamp. Under its request any man even if it has already executed this duty can make it. But the woman is obliged to be present and respond thus « amen » on blessings which he says.
Boys start to light hanukalnye fires for some time before achievement of majority by them, but the custom recently has widely extended to accustom to execution of this precept EVN the smallest - as soon as they appear capable independently to light the lamp and to say blessings. A lamp-stand (hanukiju) put on a window sill as a sign of fidelity to a Judaism.
a Khanuka - a feast cheerful and joyful. There was long since a custom to arrange in days of a Khanuka more plentiful, than usually, meals to accompany their traditional songs combined in honour of this feast, and to tell about miracles which the Most High God has made 4 ancestors those days. In days of a Khanuka it is forbidden to fast. On the eve of a Khanuka and next day after its termination it is authorised to fast. In days of a Khanuka it is authorised to work. But, according to the ancient custom, all time while burn hanukalnye lamps, women do not work. In days of a Khanuka it is accepted to prepare traditional hanukalnye foods: potato fritters (« latkes ») and doughnuts W jam (sufganija »). W a Khanuka the way of their preparation is connected with vegetable oil use that reminds ABT hanukalnom a miracle also. 2 eat dairy - in particular the dishes prepared from cheese. The number of celebratory traditions includes gifting of children by toys or money.