At winter on a threshold
the DEAF PERSON is time predzimja - gloomy chernotrop. All who cannot transfer a cold, have left for a long time already our woods and groves - first of all orioles, swallows, wagtails, cuckoos and all who is fed with insects.
Birds, at a fast metabolism in an organism, are ready to transfer a cold, would be than to be fed. To the last ducks keep. Together with snow blizzards going from the north, hardly l not the last, swans fly on wintering. Sometimes snowstorm forces them to fall - to wait a bad weather, and each bird in flight turns in bugorok snow. But the bad weather, and strong letuny has ceased, having shaken off, continue the way to places where will easy worry winter.
birds Fly to Africa and in warm edges of Asia. Starlings some, for example, winter in the south of Europe. Huge flights of lapwings saw I in the autumn on fields and in meadows of France. Nightingales fly to Africa to equator. In their February pene we heard at the river Limpopo. And white storks slowly prevail against all space of the African earth.
Birds do not feel exiles of the north, Africa for them - a native home. Swallows - I saw - in a fire smoke in a winding sheet caught the flied up midges. There and then near fire border went and ours storks - caught mice, lizards, a locust. Often you see storks directly underfoot at antelopes. The set familiar to us on the north kulikov floats on small water.
BUT NOT ALL DEPART. Which - who it is necessary to while away long winter. From wood birds - wood-grouses, hazel grouses, black grouses. They are adapted for rough winter meal - to needles and birch kidneys. But it is necessary to them in good time, in the autumn, to be reserved in a stomach by small stones. Without these millstones birds not having teeth, for example, cannot digest needles.
There are with us hazel grouses, loud sojki, naprjatavshie here and there acorns. Ravens on open spaces to the extreme north safely winter. These before snow fly low over wood, noticing, where the drop lies, and confidently it find then, involving to a dining room the presence of foxes and wolves.
Forty we see more often in winter, than in the summer. Belobokie these beauties with issinja - black moved apart as a fan, a tail, do not fear in the winter of our rural dwellings. Long-sufferingly wait for a case something to profit: to steal, deceive a dog at a flat dish with meal. In the evening they depart to spend the night in wood, in not accessible to a wind fur-tree fix.
From vranovyh there are with us omnipresent ravens and silent in the winter of a daw. Where - nibud in park of a daw spend the night in hollows of growing old lindens. In silent day rich with hoarfrost we can see their picturesque couples. In marital fidelity of a daw surpass even geese and wolves.
you Will see in the winter in wood of a woodpecker. In colds to work to it it is necessary more diligently, and it knocks, knocks. The black woodpecker - zhelna, spugnutyj, flies with characteristic kvik - kvik! And lingering shout designates a place, where villages. Green woodpeckers trade I go in ant hills. Once I, running on skis, has seen fresh pokop in the ant mount covered with snow and, having fallen to it in an unbuttoned jacket, has taken hold of a woodpecker and has brought it is curiosity for the sake of - in dwelling of my friend. For stirring the anteater has soiled a table and a case in the house cards . And I have hastened to let out it.
Winters with us and which - who from flying melkoty - siskins, titmouses, the goldfinches never desponding popolzni. At plentiful crops of a mountain ash ouzels, and last warm winters sometimes and starlings do not depart on the south.
And - pleasure for an eye! - before snow in short days of November suddenly you see elegant sviristelej and bullfinches. Sviristeli are similar on gracefully dressed bojaryshen. Flights they wander on wood, flying even on suburbs of cities where there is a mountain ash. Svirkaja they are fed almost continuously. A food them make sugar of berries, and sunflower seeds are lost by them with a dung. In the summer, having seen under a tree a dense bristle growing rjabinok, you understand: here had a rest or, maybe, the flock of elegant birds spent the night.
And the bullfinches similar to ruddy large apples, in gloomy day seem sent by someone to decorate wood. They are fed not bustlingly, keep very easy and, whistling, admit to itself at times close enough.
in winter in wood it is a little Sounds. If it is not audible a woodpecker and zapoloshennogo shout sojki the ear will catch low voices dlinnohvostyh titmouses. Cheeping the mouse, I have learnt to convoke these small birds. And if owls and foxes for mouse also accept peep, for titmouses it, probably, ministers a signal to gathering. And the big titmouse you see in winter more likely near to human habitation. Brave these birds - unlike suspicious sparrows - resolutely fly to a feeding trough, and it is possible even to accustom easily them to take a forage from a palm.
the WINTER forces many animals to be reserved by meal. Do it sojki, busy popolzni, fibers, chipmunks. Bears by the winter nagulivajut fat on ovsjanyh fields and on a mountain ash in wood. And, that has economically reserved to spend, go to bed. But sleep rather weakly, in warm days of winter of a bear it is unintentionally possible and podshumet - to force to leave a den hastily. And here a hedgehog, burying in palye leaves in any to a pole, water podtechet to it under a side sleeps deeply till a time, when in April. The dream of a hedgehog is called as hibernation, characteristic and for some other animals.
Snakes winter in refuges, is frequent in same many years, for example, in hatke the beaver. They get off in dense heaps and transfer winter colds on the verge of life and death. In very cold winters it is observed mass destruction uzhej and vipers.
long winter nights are dangerous To birds during strong frosts: it is impossible to kindle an oven - to warm up a body food. Escaping from a cold, birds bury during snow or jam in hollows and which - as, warming each other, worry long night. And for some birds: black grouses, wood-grouses spending the night in snow - a commonplace. Fly from trees and, having done in snow tunnels, fall asleep, leaving in the morning in lunke a heap of a dung.
wolves and foxes Are patient to a cold. Both feet not only feed, but also heat - in ryskane on fields a fox, sensitive to petty intrigues, easily extracts hot food And wolves where will find drop, where at the night of a hare on feeding will catch, a dog from a court yard will carry away. Foxes, wolves and hares sleep off in the afternoon. Wolves are hammered into inaccessible grounds of a bog, a fox and hares vpoluha sleep in any shelter of a field. I on skis have unintentionally approached once to the fox who has slept under breakage of river coast, closely - looked at it from top to down. The cheat slept, having buried a muzzle in a fluffy tail, has been assured in security. I have woken her, having clapped. A spring has risen for fear.
Lean cross-country vehicles - elks of a cold are not afraid - to sleep lay down directly on snow, leaving in it deep lie. And still from a frosty wind they hide in young pine forests and in the same place are fed. The most vulnerable beasts in wood - wild boars. Deep snow and proof frosts for wild boars are disastrous. Top dressing of beasts by hunters can gain only.
ESPECIALLY it is necessary to tell about old companions of the person - about sparrows. They are the lovely our parasites dressed in ordinary-looking armjachishki, are especially nice during winter time. All has stood on a frost, and they chirp: it is live! It is live! Since the childhood I remember the sparrows who are spending the night under a straw roof in nests, covered with chicken feathers, and in the afternoon sitting on the same straw roof. Will pit all its superficial lunkami and in them escape from a wind and from a frost. propitane them at this time depends on the person - where will peck a kernel, where grain crumbs. At a feeding trough they long-sufferingly will wait titmouses. And if will see that anybody does not prevent to have dinner it, too direct to a forage. Earlier at horse transport of sparrows and in a city was much. Now they are rare and well know places near an input in the underground where old women trade in seeds of sunflowers. And in the big frosts sparrows bravely fly in the underground, in pomeshchenja stations where it is possible to be warmed and something to peck.
All birds amicably glorify the end of winter, but sincere all sparrows: it is live! It is live!