the Period pervoledja in pojme has come to an end. The frosts which have come after New Year, steadily utolshchajut an ice pall on lakes and staritsah. At last - that our main waterways - Volga and Akhtuba have become covered by strong ice. For fishers of a steel to - stupnymi huge water spaces. Here where the present freedom of search is shown! Some kilometres it is necessary to proceed to the persistent fisher before it will find the covenant - nuju sudachju a hole or leshchovuju « brovku ».
less persevering fishers continue to fish at this time on lakes, erikah and staritsah. But owing to an adverse oxygen mode the biting on lakes becomes languid, and the trifle comes across only. A field fishing « fights » it is transferred to Akhtuba - during this period on it are well caught not only predators (basically, bersh and a pike perch), but also worthy representatives « peace » fishes - leshch, gustera, sinets. At this particular time on Akhtuba come across trophy leshchi - such zolotisto - bronze « trays » in weight to five kgs! About catching of these representatives of family karpovyh speech in my article also will go.
the Choice of a place of catching. Places of winter parking leshcha and gustery coincide — these are deep holes, more often with a contraflow. The best places for catching - zakorjazhennye brovki, exits from holes. Depth in such places - 5 - 8 metres .
in thaw when ice at coast starts to melt, leshch leaves on plaits and starts to eat actively. Thus large copies can be met on depth only 1,5 — 2 m . Plaits have original structure of a bottom: small hrjashchevatye peschano - clay sites alternate with zailennymi poles. More often leshch meets in poles. This results from the fact that silt - a favorable place for wintering small rachkov and larvae which, in turn, are a forage reserve for leshcha.
the Most productive way of search of fish on plaits is the method active oblova water areas - it is not necessary to sit up on one place at absence poklevok, it is necessary to move constantly. Local fishers usually know those places of plaits where leshch leaves on feeding, and occupy with their big companies. To the fisher I can advise to the visitor such way of search: on distance 35 – from coast, in parallel it, it is necessary to drill 40 m 10 - 15 lunok on distance 1,5 - 2 m from each other, then with the help glubomera to find poles, and in them and to begin catching. The invaluable help will be rendered also by the sonic depth finder - it will show at once all poles and loftinesses, and also presence of fish. I will notice that about gustere and sintse I do not speak separately because exit places on feeding gustery, sintsa and leshcha coincide, and at catching in one place, on the same tackle all three kinds of fishes more often come across.
Tackle. For catching leshcha on Akhtuba the tackles practically not different from the summer are used! Difference consists only in the fishing tackle - shorter are applied to winter catching udilniki in the length 50 - 60 sm . Obligatory attribute such udilnika is the sensitive tip which plays a nod role. The coil is obligatory, it is necessary as to catch and on holes (where depth can reach to 10 – 12 m ), and on plaits (depth of all 1,5 - 2 m ). Many fishers put small bezynertsionnye coils (with capacity shpuli 100 m a scaffold in diameter 0,22 mm ), - they are very convenient at active catching.
There is an opinion that leshch during the winter period is very careful. Perhaps, where - that it and so, but only not on Akhtuba! poklevka and small and large copies it is expressed odina - kovo: or it is a series of small leaps, or simply strong potjazhka. Therefore in a log hut - zhanie breakages it is better to put a scaffold in diameter 0,22 - 0,25 mm - it does not frighten off fish, but to - stojno constrains leaps of a large trophy. « Pletenka » at such catching it is perfect nepri - it is suitable, as at a frost on the coil it freezes together in a piece of ice.
The tackle is under construction on type « paternostera » - leads with hooks above a sinker. Diameter of leads - 0,17 - 0,20 mm , hooks are usually established ¹ 4 - 5 on domestic classification.
Sinkers can be two types - flat (various « spoons » self-made flat sinkers) or spherical (« olive berries » various lead balls). The expediency of installation of this or that sinker depends on catching technics (it will be a question of it further).
Prikormka. On plaits prikormka it is inefficient - the strong current quickly washes away all prikormochnye components, and they have not time to involve fish. On holes in certain cases prikormka can achieve the object. leshcha local fishers usually apply to catching store prikormochnye the mixes mixed with clay.
the Nozzle. the Best nozzle the worm - podlistnik, and also a muckworm is considered. Less actively leshch it is caught on an earthworm and oparysha, is even worse - on motylja and dough. On a broader scale vegetative nozzles at catching on a current are almost unsuitable - they are quickly washed away and take an unattractive form for fish.
Technics and catching tactics . Technics of catching with tackles with flat sinkers zakljucha - etsja in the following: the sinker falls to the bottom and periodically the fisher should lift and lower slowly tackle, giving movement to a nozzle. With spherical sinkers not - how much it is more difficult, but such catching is more active and is productive.
the Sinker falls to the bottom, then the fisher slightly taps with it on a bottom, pitting thus a scaffold. A sinker - « a ball » sooner or later under the influence of a current rolls down in small poles at the bottom in which fish more often keeps, and stops there. The fisher does a pause - and if fish is, it is indispensable « it will be noted » poklevkoj. As soon as the biting in the given pole will calm down, neob - hodimo again poddernut a sinker and to pit a scaffold - « a ball » again will go « to search » other pole.
too far to release « a ball » from lunki I do not recommend - sensitivity of tackle is broken, and rather thick scaffold begins « parusit » on a current. Important as well that weight « a ball » should not be too big - differently it it will not be simple to communicate a current, therefore it is necessary to have in an arsenal of a sinker of various scales that will help to pick up necessary « a ball » being guided by force of a current.
Vyvazhivanie. For fast « access to water » the majority of fishers use ledobury small diameters - as a rule, 90 - 120 mm . For catching leshcha lunok, made by means of such ledobura, it is obviously not enough diameter: the semikilogram white bream in such lunku passes hardly, and kilogramme leshch and at all will not pass. Therefore I recommend to the fishers, wishing to catch leshcha, on fishing to go with peshnej - to it « antiquated » the tool it is very convenient to punch big lunki in not thick ice (and on Akhtuba ice seldom reaches 30 sm thickness).
process vyvazhivanija usually problems does not deliver - the thick scaffold allows even 1,5 kg leshcha without ceremonies to get in « an alignment » lunki and to throw out on ice. Therefore the majority local « leshchatnikov » scorn bagorikom, as a last resort, picking up especially large leshchej under gills.
Alexander ZOLOTARYOV, the Astrakhan region