Muzejno - democratic values
On the eve of the International day of museums, on May, 18th, the community of keepers of cultural values, on the one hand, SPK about museum boom, and OTOH – notices that at times visitors of museums appear the casual people who have glanced " on a spark " also are not ready to a MTG W " art creative, high and perfect ".
" the Museum – this most democratic culture establishment in the country " – the president of the Union of museums of Russia, the director of the State Hermitage Michael Piotrovsky has underlined on the video bridge in News. ANY1 family presumes to go to theatre or on a concert after all &ndash to itself far not; this expensive pleasure.
However, at all democratisation of museums, that " they to the full became accessible, their number should increase repeatedly " Marks Anneta Sundieva, zavkafedroj muzeologii faculty of history of arts RGGU. In Germany, for example, 6 thousand museums, and in Russia – all 3 thousand.
the Capital department of culture noticed time and again that the last 2 - 3 years in Moscow are observed boom: to museums goes more and more visitors. And the number of museums grows, is exact under Pablo Picasso`s formula: " Give me a museum, and I will fill it ".
Now the spectrum of objects muzeefikatsii is as much as possible wide. Centuries ago artefacts were collected first of all. In the end of 1950 - h there were the memorial estates saving temples, palaces and manors. And in the beginning of 21 centuries museums became also keepers nematelnogo legacies – the traditional technologies, traditional culture.
As mushrooms after a rain, grow corporate and highly specialised museums. A part from them – a funny thing, and only, " Meetings of errors " but it is universal practice. In the American Portland and in the Ukrainian Kharkov there are museums of newcomers – 4 fans of ufology. In Paris the Museum of fakes works. In Brugge there is a museum of chips, in Moscow – museums of beer, tea, chocolate.
Sometimes it seems that 2DAY a museum name NE, EVN the trifling collection built by an associative principle. The concept of a museum is washed away, loses touch with education. And matter is not that museums leave from academism – it after all is not always pertinent.
The matter is that museums sometimes 4get about necessity to have credo. On idea, a certain cultural message should be at a NE exhibition, not to mention a constant exposition. The director of the State Tretyakov gallery Irina Lebedev compares a museum to an iceberg: its visible part always less diving – the conceptual.
the Novel complicated by bewilderment
But, anyway, in Moscow and in funny museums, and, certainly, in museums " the first row " – in Tretyakov gallery, Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts and Museums of the Kremlin – on May, 14th, in Night of museums, the most motley public, B4 450 thousand persons has gone. Museums of other cities too actively received visitors. It would Seem, there is a pleasant picture 4 eyes: people go to museums, museums go 2 people.
But this mutual LUV saddens one circumstance.
As Irina Lebedev, at times art dealers notices face that visitors do not understand, " what is the museum on a broader scale and what character of its activity ". And among such unsophisticated visitors it is a lot of people of middle age and elderly.
the old joke Here is remembered the spouses considering in Louvre " Monu Lizu ". " And for the sake of it you here have dragged me? At us in a bedroom just the same picture " hangs; – the husband SPK. " and in more expensive framework " – the WF echoes. How to be W such visitors who have come to a museum from the best promptings, but not its values ready to perception? Michael Piotrovsky is convinced that " it is impossible to indulge completely to the visitor and to exaggerate, for example, simplicity of art ". There are people who have come to a museum casually, and 4 them the museum should be " the teacher " which explains sense of products, makes comments on value of exhibits and forms taste.
Examples of such successful reference in museum " belief " Leonid Bazhans, the art director of the State CTR of the modern art results. Quite often older persons far from art, going on affairs, on the way look in a museum. In due course they come to a museum in increasing frequency. The same situation and with schoolboys. LUVed audience of the Hermitage – 2 youth and older persons.
Michael Piotrovsky makes comments: " We live in the virtual world. Museums – almost unique that remains original, real. To force the person establishments W original things " can think;. IOW, museums can correct representation ABT this or that event in country life there where historians at times give vent " to flight " interpretations.
Multimedia " circulation in the people " helps museums to involve all new visitors. " the audience which is getting acquainted with us through the Internet, we already consider as museum audience " – SPK Anneta Sundieva.
In Russia virtual space the first confidently was mastered, for example, by the Hermitage and Russian museum. As head of Russian museum Vladimir Gusev underlined in the beginning of 21 centuries, it is very important to SPK W the young visitor in its language. In essence, it means – to hand over the information, including, and on the most popular channels of perception.
the Same concept adhere (at least, theoretically) many Russian museums. So, in the Darvinian museum where the traditional exposition is full and akademichna, spectators can watch films in a format 3D, listen to audiodigressions to biology (from stories ABT ancient agriculture before singing of birds) to look at videoclips – comments 2 exhibits to play in interactive games. Many museums broadcast the information on mobile phones and offer virtual excursions.
As a matter of fact, there is an irreversible process: Thanks to development by museums virtual " makrokosma " the quantity of virtual visitors of the largest western museums has already overtaken number of their real visitors, the laboratory chief of museum designing of the Russian institute of cultural science Alexey Lebedev SPK.
And in Russia this crisis – too not far off. According to Lebedev, gradually there is a situation of exposition equality matelnyh and virtual objects.
However it is necessary to understand that full coincidence between the original and reproduction cannot be, underlines Anneta Sundieva. The Internet - a museum – help to a real museum. But statuses at all of them different. And special atmosphere of the present museum is not passed through the computer, adds Sundieva. A museum – nevertheless not a warehouse, and an organism, Michael Piotrovsky underlines.
- a MTG with art it is possible to consider the Internet only as a prelude 2 " internal " to a MTG, " Course of the young fighter ". Such art - preparation is necessary, but is thus insufficient. It at all will not replace a touch 2 originals.