The Tula area is included into ten the worst regions on ecology
About an ecology status in the Tula region does not tell only the lazy. And though Tula does not concern the largest industrial centres of the country, but by quantity of harmful emissions concedes in TSFO unless to capital.
For today in the regional centre work an order of 200 enterprises which emissions to some extent negatively affect environment.
- in insignificant territory (the regional centre occupies less than 1 % from all area of the Tula province) the enterprises of metallurgy, mechanical engineering, building materials, petrochemistry, transport are concentrated, - have told in a city administration. – activity of these manufactures was for many years accompanied by pollution of atmospheric air, superficial and underground waters and soils.
THAT POLLUTES the TULA AIR
- the Basic « the contribution » Among the industrial enterprises - more than 90 % - bring the ferrous metallurgy enterprises in pollution of atmosphere of Tula, - the Tula ecologists ascertain. - they « throw out » manganese and its connections, ammonia, hydrogen sulphide, pjatiokis vanadium. The list « emissions » head gaseous and liquid substances - oksid carbon, dioksid brimstones, oksidy ΰηξςΰ*. In a year of their order of 56,7 thousand tons. Firm polluting substances make about 4,3 thousand t/ year. At the city enterprises it is caught a 32,8 thousand order t/ year of polluting substances, from them it is utilised about 31,5 thousand t/ year. The small tendency of decrease in quantity of emissions from the enterprises recently was outlined. And here the contribution to pollution of ecology from transport, to the contrary, grows. Total emission of polluting substances from motor transport in Tula makes 63,7 thousand tons a year.
According to laboratory researches, excess is limiting - admissible concentration of harmful substances in air make 1 %.
As a rule, maximum concentration limits are exceeded on oksidu carbon, to formaldehyde and benzapirenu.
the Lion`s share of dumped sewage – an order of 98 % are insufficiently cleared. The general dump of polluting substances in superficial waterways of Tula makes 90,56 thousand t/ year. Maximum concentration limit excess are revealed on nitritnomu to nitrogen, iron, copper.
As to soil researches were spent on the maintenance of salts of heavy metals (mercury, lead, cadmium). In 16 % of cases the lead maintenance has been exceeded. On microbiological indicators all samples corresponded to norms. And here the share of unsatisfactory tests on parazitologicheskim to indicators makes 2,9 %.
the COMMENT of the EXPERT
- In ten « the worst » there were unexpected changes, - experts Tula « explain; Green patrol ». - Sharp falling in a rating was made by Moscow, Kalmykia and the Tula area. Our province from 65 places with which occupied in the beginning of 2010, has rolled down already on 80 - e. The objective reasons of deterioration ecological conditions - abnormal weather of the last summer. Absence of deposits, a drought, forest fires, many of which blazed in especially protected natural territories. All it was reflected in quality of potable water, atmospheric air, waters of natural reservoirs, a status of soils and ecosystems as a whole.
to improve an ecological situation, for today in our region are realised two long-term target programs:
« Ecology and natural resources of the Tula area on 2009 - 2012 »;
« Decrease in risks and softening of consequences of emergency situations of natural and technogenic character in the Tula area on 2009 - 2012 ».
BY THE WAY
Positive ecological dynamics during the spring period have shown a number of areas. Among them there are also our neighbours: the Oryol region (+8 positions), the Ryazan region (+13).
Among those who has shown negative movement in the spring: The Samara region (- 13), the Vologda area (- 8), the Novgorod region (- 14), St.-Petersburg (- 7), the Nizhniy Novgorod region (- 7).
And here the Tula area on - former remained on 80 place. Without having worsened, but also without having improved the positions in an ecological rating.
ΑELM in the COURSE
Than polluting substances
Oksid of carbon are dangerous is extremely poisonous. It is inhaled together with air and arrives in blood where competes to oxygen for haemoglobin molecules. Ability of blood to deliver oxygen to fabrics is broken, can call angiospasms, lower immunologicheskuju activity of the person. For these reasons WITH in the raised concentration represents deadly poison. Natural level of the maintenance oksida carbon in atmospheric air – 0,01 - 0,9 mg/ μ3.
Oksidy of nitrogen . Half made by the person oksida nitrogen is formed as a result of fuel burning in plants, and other half – at the expense of motor transport work. Oksidy nitrogen, absorbing natural radiation both in ultra-violet, and in a visible part of a spectrum, reduce a transparency of atmosphere and contribute in education of a photochemical fog - a smog. Oksid nitrogen operates on nervous system of the person, connects haemoglobin of blood and calls oxygen starvation.
Dioksid of brimstone . The combination dioksida brimstones with oksidami nitrogen considerably increases number of diseases of respiratory ways.
dynamics of changes for the period winter/ βερνΰ*
Sowing. Ossetia - Alanija resp. +1
Ingushetia republic +2
the Nizhniy Novgorod region - 7
Leningrad region - 1
the Orenburg region 0
Kalmykia republic 0
the Tula area 0
Moscow Region 0
the Chelyabinsk area 0
Sverdlovsk area 0
* on how much positions positions of this or that region in a rating have improved or have worsened.