Murmanchane there live in the purest region in the north
Northerners can sigh easy. And pure air. With ecology at us, it appears, not all so is bad, as in other regions of Russia. Recently the All-Russia ecological rating of edges and areas of our country has been published. It was made by public organisation “ Green patrol “ also has placed on a site www. greenpatrol. ru. According to the composers, the similar rating has appeared in Russia for the first time.
- It estimates all regions of the country by 15 criteria, deducing the general indicators on three basic spheres - ekosfere, to a technosphere and society, from which the general rating then gathers, - has explained on a press - conferences in Moscow the basic developer of a rating, the leading expert “ Green patrol “ Vyacheslav Fedorov.
the Rating is daily updated. It is formed of information materials of open sources, including mass-media, authorities, the public, expert and ecological organisations and Are etc. considered not only a status of water, air, soil and quantity of harmful emissions from the enterprises, but also documents, orders which appear in region in sphere prirodoohrany. Developers assure that all information is checked. On the basis of it mathematical methods count up indexes which are base for a rating.
It is pleasant that the Murmansk area was included into first ten regions and is in a so-called positive part of a summary index. That is, with ecology at us not all so is bad. The polar region has overtaken on cleanliness of air, water and the earth all northern regions of the country, and among areas of Severo - the West we the second after the Novgorod region. So, for example, the next Kareliya occupies 33 place.
Meanwhile, and a negative part of an index for the Polar region also the considerable. According to the research published on a site of Rospotrebnadzora on Murmansk area, the basic sources of air pollution in settlements of Kola peninsula - the enterprises black and nonferrous metallurgy, motor transport. but in comparison with 2006 the share of tests of air exceeding maximum permissible concentration (maximum concentration limit), has decreased. The greatest pollution of atmosphere - in Monchegorsk and Nickel. Influence of the industrial complexes located here   affects; “ North nickel “ and “ Pechenganikel “.
Reservoirs of Kola peninsula pollute the industrial enterprises, housing - municipal objects and cattle-breeding complexes. For 2007 the status of the rivers and lakes in places of using of the population, unlike air, to the contrary, has worsened. To struggle with bad quality of potable water the program " is called; Water supply of Murmansk area “ on 2008 - 2017. Will be updated existing the equipment and networks, to be reconnoitered alternative sources of water supply, including underground.
soil pollution Has increased also. Relative density of tests of soil for 2007 in which maximum concentration limit of heavy metals,   is exceeded; has grown in comparison with 2006 - m. “ Dirty “ there was an earth in a zone Influences of the industrial enterprises (especially in the same Nickel and Monchegorsk), in territories of child care centres and in zones of sanitary protection of water sources.
the COMMENT of the ECOLOGIST
does not Need to be forgotten about potential danger of nuclear fleet
Oleg Sutkajtis, the head of Barentsevomorsky branch of the World fund of the wild nature (WWF Russia):
- it is valid, an ecological situation in Murmansk area it is far not the worst. Work of a management of area and interest of the population in its improvement is visible. For today the greatest sources of pollution in Murmansk area are it is mountain - concentrating industrial complexes, metal works and the large industrial enterprises. It is not necessary to forget about potential danger of civil and military nuclear objects which in a considerable quantity are presented to the Polar region. Also concern and the future mining operations on a shelf, transportation of hydrocarbonic raw materials by the sea and on pipelines calls.