! The international conference on censorship
Yesterday in the All-Russia library of the foreign literature has begun work the international conference “ Censorship of foreign books in the Russian empire and Soviet Union “. However the maintenance of conference is beyond, defined by the name. Its participants - politicians, scientists and writers from Russia, the USA, Great Britain, Italy - are full of determination to carry out the versatile analysis of institute of censorship from the point of view of influence on a freedom of speech and religions, literary and translational activity, theatre, cinema, music, painting. As observers mark, the conference devoted to censorship, is spent to Russia for the first time.
World censorship totals more than five-century history. But in Russia, according to participants of conference, the governmental control over a printing word was carried out - as in one other country of the world - is the most consecutive. The first acceptable committee has been founded still by Catherine II in 1796. According to the laws accepted subsequently on censorship, restrictions extended on the literature in which the authorised censors saw disrespect to “ a reigning surname “ opposition to the existing social device, and also “ the image Russian as barbarians “. Though October revolution also has proclaimed liquidation of imperial and bourgeois censorship, but in 1922 with a view of struggle with “ growing counterrevolution “ there was notorious Glavlit.
One of the former members of board Glavlita Vladimir Solodin has opened to participants of conference some details of activity of this organisation. As he said, Glavlit disposed of all paper in the country, and also had the right to create and close publishing houses, printing houses, was engaged in selection of foreign editions arriving in the USSR. The fullest meetings of foreign books and the periodical press were not in Academy of Sciences, and in the CPSU Central Committee, KGB and spetshrane Lenin library. Special attention of censors (and them in the USSR was about 2 thousand) It has been aimed at search “ odious “ the materials containing to the critic to the Soviet leaders. After liquidation of Glavlita in 1991 in new Russia military censorship continues to exist only.
nevertheless as researcher Nikolay Kotrelev has noted in the performance, “ censorship is the integral function of culture and in other words it can be defined as a taboo prevailing over each individuality “. For this reason, considers g - n Kotrelev, it is impossible to speak about possibility of existence of a sterile society without censorship.
JURATE - GURAUSKAJTE