The furs marketCost of some kinds of valuable furs (according to the international auctions of a season 1992 - 93)
Fur the Price ($)
the Mink (depending on the sizes and colour) 10 - 20
Squirrel hide (three-hollow - 110õ75 sm) 400 - 640
Squirrel hide the screw (150 sq. sm) 250 - 260
the Lynx 70 - 400
Serebristo - a black fox from 30
the Polar fox blue 20 - 40
the Sable from 30
the Barguzinsky sable 340
the Nutria (Argentina) 5 - 8
How much your Shanghai leopards?
the Season 1992 - has brought 93 years to the world market of fur raw materials long-awaited calm. Attacks " have ceased; green “ fur again in a fashion. The auction prices for fur of a mink which are some kind of a reference point of tactical fluctuations of the world prices for furs (a mink makes about 80 % of all valuable furs made in the world) have slowly spread upwards. In comparison with December, 1992 the skin of a mink has risen in price on the average for $6.
However stabilisation or even the insignificant rise in prices hardly will rescue the Russian manufacturers of soft stuff from bankruptcies. Russia already risks in the near future to turn from the exporter to the importer of the fur goods - the prices for furs new “ a crop “ by estimations of experts, will exceed the world. Last last year`s stocks will be sold, predictably, on September, 22nd at fur fair and in October at auction in St.-Petersburg.
soft stuff always in the price
the Fur market - delicate and whimsical. The situation on it is defined not by economic feasibility, and a fashion which dictates demand for those or other natural furs. And the fur goods are a product not mass demand, at least, abroad. For this reason the market is subject to sharp enough fluctuations and to undermine it not too difficult.
within last three years in the world fur market the appreciable recession, by one of which reasons, according to the director of specialised firm " was observed; Sojuzpushnina “ Victor Chipurnogo, there was an overproduction in Northern Europe. For example, in Denmark of 5 million skins it has been frozen in 1991 and till now it is stored in refrigerators. Besides, influence on the market has rendered the general warming of a climate in Europe and public opinion, which was actively formed (in the same in Europe - especially) by movement in the environment protection, known as movement “ green “.
But as experts " mark; Sojuzpushniny “ already lifting was outlined in February of this year. If last year $13 paid for a skin of a mink - 14 this year as it was already marked, the price has grown to $18. It is natural reaction of the market to reduction of the offer which has occurred not without intervention of some states: so, the Danish auction company declared that manufacture of a mink in this country will be reduced to 30 %. It was possible to muffle and “ green “ movement, thanks to natural human weakness “ to live beautifully “ and to fashion influence: even in the most drama for the world fur market the period many European stylists - De Karlis, Dzhuliana Tezo, Fendi - actively continued to work with natural furs, forming demand for them from elite.
with season approach (autumn - the spring) begins a series of the international auctions and fairs in Helsinki, Copenhagen, Leipzig, New York, St.-Petersburg, Milan, Frankfurt am Main, Montreal and Madrid. In total in a year it is spent about 50 fur auctions and fairs.
furs are in demand all over the world. The basic buyers of a mink - Englishmen, Italians and Germans, and dlinnovorsnaja the furs use traditionally a great demand in Japan and Hong Kong where goes basically on furnish of products from textiles. In Italy, the fashion-maker, this year, predictably, there will be high a demand for fur of a sable, a mink, serebristo - a black fox and the squirrel. In the USA stably especially expensive products from Russian sables use a great demand. The sable fur is respected rather also by Japanese. And the sable - " is most popular now wild barguzinsky; grey-haired “.
Experts of the fur market consider as rather perspective market China where sale of finished articles has grown this year on 40 %. At the international auctions of a leaving season of firm from this country show hardly probable not the highest activity. For today China - the basic consumer of finished articles of mass demand - basically from a mink, a lynx, a polar fox.
prospects of the Russian market - taking into account environmental conditions and growth of number of consumers of the high-quality and expensive goods are highly estimated also. In Russia, by the way, unlike Europe and America where splash is necessary for October - November, in trade in furs it is few inter-season period.
the basic buyers of furs here, according to the marketing researches spent by firm “ Sovmehkastorija “ - youth. Those to whom are not present 20 years, buy rather inexpensive goods from the Argentina nutria, krashenoj and a short-haired mink. Buyers at the age from 20 till 30 years - more expensive products from a mink of valuable grades (pink, serebristo - blue, a topaz, sapphire, etc.) A polar fox, serebristo - a black fox. Women from 30 to 45 - consumers of the most expensive furs - fibers, a sable and exclusive products from a mink. As a whole nine of ten buyers of shop - our compatriots.
it is possible to tear off three skins from the fur farmer
“ Thus that relative density of the Russian fur in world fur trade does not exceed 5 - 6 % most expensive and elite furs - squirrel hide, a sable - practically on 100 % are delivered from Russia “ - the director " confirms; Sojuzpushniny “ Victor Chipurnoj.
However, already cellular fur farming has practically forced out hunting - trade furs. And at the penultimate auction of the leaving season which has taken place last week in Copenhagen, the general attention was involved with private Russian firm from Novosibirsk, almost unique, buying up skins serebristo - a black fox and serebristo - a blue polar fox at high enough prices - $40 - 45 and $24 accordingly. Till this time the Russian firms, being the largest suppliers of fur, it did not buy, anyway - parties.
this case while one of the few, reflects a unique situation for Russia - the internal prices in the market of fur raw materials have appeared in 1993 at level world, and in certain cases and have exceeded them. So, the skin of the Russian mink costs now at purchase at zverosovhozov from 20 to 25 thousand roubles. Its world price, according to last, May, international auction in St.-Petersburg, does not exceed on the average $15 - $18.
Unfortunately, the situation with furs in Russia hardly will improve in the near future. Profitability of fur farming during the best times (70 - 80 - e years) made not less than 50 %, and in some economy (for example, situated near Moscow “ Pushkin “) Reached 100 % and more. Same year the livestock was reduced with 10 to 8 million, profitability has fallen to 15 - 20 %, the prices for fur have started to grow quickly. The mink which cost price in 1989 made 42 roubles, manages now to economy not less, than in 30 thousand roubles. The world price of a mink “ srednesovetskogo “ quality does not exceed $15 - 16.
Forecasts of experts “ Sojuzpushniny “ say that the world market prices will raise in the near future, but nenamnogo - on $1,5 - 2. And in these conditions experts advise more attentively to look narrowly at September fair and October auction in St.-Petersburg. Though order of 70 % of furs it is realised in mass receipt of the goods on the market (December - February), skins last year`s " in the autumn will be on sale; a crop “. Almost all economy in this season managed to realise no more half of last year`s issue, and the rests can be still sold hardly above the last year`s cost price, i.e. on $20 - 21.
On January auction skins of an issue of 1993 which cost price on third exceeds the world price will go already. The assistant to the general director “ Zveroprom, Ltd. “ Victor Brylin considers that to pay back the expenses and to get the minimum profit, economy will request for a mink not less than $40 - 45. The World price to such level can raise, perhaps, only in case of approach of the second glacial age. Thus, notices g - n Brylin, fur farming has practically approached to that line when real there is a mass bankruptcy zverovodcheskih economy. The figure in 30 % of economy - bankrupts not seems to it excessive. And bankruptcies have already begun. Small zverohozjajstvo in Kareliya recently it has been liquidated under the decision of local authorities - it did not pay back itself. Even having hammered or having sold all animals, it could not pay off with the debts.
that manufacturers of fur will be helped by the state, can trust only an incorrigible idealist which among heads zverohozjajstv any more does not remain. However the exit is, and it is connected with sale of the unprofitable enterprises to commercial structures. Precedent already is available - this year of actions of 80 % of one of the collective farms situated near Moscow, having a small fur farm, have been bought by business concern.
perspectivity of an investment of money in fur fur farming already today, according to experts on furs, does not cause doubts. The world market after some recession costs at the very beginning of long-term lifting, and, under forecasts of experts, the world prices practically on all kinds of valuable furs will grow. In Russia where demand for finished articles and without that is stably high, taking into account rather probable and sharp falling of manufacture, it can occur quickly enough.
“ soft gold “ the situation as the general director of firm " speaks waits for the staratelej
Developed in Russian zverohozjajstvah; Sovmehkastorija “ Sergey Stolbov, forces them to search for the buyer having spare cash, and that, as a rule, is in the person of commercial structures.
among those business concerns which will be ready to put up money in furs, the majority, probably, will make it for the purpose of the further resale, for example, to the fur industry or inhabitants distant, but such native North. The blessing that degreased, but an unmanufactured skin can be stored long enough (some years) even in house conditions. The manufactured skin at temperature from +4 to +10°Ñ can be stored in general as much as necessary long without damage to quality of fur.
for the Russian buyers “ Sojuzpushnina “ from the end of 1992 spends regional auctions in Kareliya, Petersburg, Moscow and Kazan. However in many cases they come to an end with failure. Economy try to compensate in advance thawing profit and the increasing cost price, and as a result, according to the president of joint-stock company “ Concern the Russian fur “ Evgenie Simonov, “ lift up “ the prices in ones and a half - two times. Sewers (“ the Russian fur “) - The basic buyers - according to the representative of manufacturers g - on Brylina, “ wait, when fur farmers from a hopelessness will give them raw materials on arranging them, sewers, the price “. Well and commercial structures as have shown the data of regional auctions, this year are ready to pay from 27 000 to 31 000 roubles for a skin of a mink that quite covers expenses of economy. But they, commercial structures, do not need auctions: one do not wish “ to be shone “ others have no experience, and the cleverest - agree directly with economy.
as we know, now to buy fur raw materials of high quality directly at zverohozjajstv not the problem. Moreover, with an economy it is possible to conclude the contract on preferential interest-free crediting, purchase of forages and even the equipment. In the autumn the economy will pay off with firm furs at the stipulated price, irrespective of the conjuncture which have developed at the moment of sale. Quality of manufacture is in Russia at low enough level though costs very cheaply - 800 roubles for a skin. At use of import technology - $1,2, but all the same it below the world price ($3 - 5).
From 30 enterprises of the fur industry of Russia, 12 make clothes from a sheepskin for inhabitants of the North and spetspotrebitelej (the Ministries of Defence, frontier troops, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and etc.) And less than 10 work on the free market. Only 4 from them are equipped by modern technologies and let out eksportonosposobnuju production - association “ the Mouth - front “ in Petersburg, the Kazan association “ Milita “ fur joint-stock company “ the Squirrel “ in the Kirov region (Slobodsky) and the Kirov fur association “ metako “. The traditional assortment of the domestic fur industry does not change some decades - collars (30 %) and caps (40 %). Less than 30 % make the fur coats which profitability of manufacture is today the highest in the fur industry - to 40 %. The comparative analysis of manufacture for the first half of the year 1992 - go and shows 1993 reorientation of manufacturers to manufacture of a coat and a short coat - more than 150 % in relation to last year. At the same time manufacture of collars has fallen to 50 % in comparison with last year.
Now the scheme of work of many enterprises of the fur industry is under construction on davalcheskom raw materials. As skins are non-uniform (on quality, the sizes and etc.) The enterprises have special tables on which lead to a certain uniform standard received raw materials, without forgetting to put thus 25 % of profitability in cost of finished articles. If on their base there are ready fur products calculation can immediately occur to suppliers.
thus, it is possible to save, having addressed on one of the Russian fur enterprises having import technology of manufacture, for example, slobodskoe association “ the Squirrel “. On some of them it is possible to place also the order for manufacturing of products and not to be afraid thus for quality. The same “ the Squirrel “ sewed the first collection of the most known Russian stylist on furs - Irinas Krutikovoj, accepted “ on hurrah “ the western judges. We will notice that in cost of a fur coat raw materials cost makes from 50 % to 70 % depending on purchase price, type of fur and its quality, the rest - work, which in Russia, naturally, more cheaply.
If there is the foreign partner specialising on work with fur, it is possible to involve and it. In this case to make the Russian fur competitive in home market the scheme applied by the joint venture " presumes; Sovmehkastorija “ - temporary export of raw materials with the obligation of the subsequent import of the products made of it. In this case the total sum of the tax will not exceed 50 % from finished article cost. Experts recommend to take out raw materials to Greece, as skill of local masters allows to start up in business slices of fur and even a waste (to the Russian measures) - tails and separate parts of a mink - tummies, foreheads of animals. As the general director " notices; Sovmehkastorii “ Sergey Stolbov - Greeks great masters of manufacture without waste. Such fur coats look very attractively and there are $700 - 800. The usual mink fur coat costs from $1500 to $3000. Profitability of trade in finished articles from a mink, by words g - on Stolbova, makes 50 %.
However to import fur raw materials too it is favourable enough: for manufactured, but not processed skin the excise is not raised. However to bring raw materials to Russia is does not mean yet to sell it, such products slishkom roads for home market. As to finished articles under the new customs law of a product from fur are carried to luxury goods. Therefore on import products the tax total sum makes an order of 98 %. After May, 1st, 1993 the import fur coat from a mink with contract price of $1800 to the Russian buyer will manage in $3500.
VLADIMIR - RUDENKO