For that to wait from the power?
Today we again we will consider prospects of formation of social policy of the Russian government the attention to which increases not only at representatives of official structures, but also in the circles carried while to political periphery. To come back to this theme of fortnight prescription (see from August, 9th) induces not ordinary event which has occurred last week. In fourteen days after an exit of the presidential decree in which, contrary to the parliament decision, it it was established rigid enough variant of indexation of pensions (on 15 % instead of 51 %), the president has unexpectedly softened the position, having met supporters “ address social privileges “.
Even in the conditions of the Russian uncertainty and the become habitual unpredictability of steps of political leaders not so often so serious documents are corrected still before actually start to be executed. We will remind that the decree “ About indexation of the state pensions in the Russian Federation in September and October, 1994 and sources of its financing “ has essentially corrected the similar decree accepted on August, 3rd about indexation of the state pensions since August, 1st. Instead of unequivocal 15 - percentage increase of pensions the president has entered now stage-by-stage indexation: in August of pension are indexed on 15 %, in September - on 30 % and since October - on 51 %. By calculations, the presidential gift will manage to the Pension fund not in 1,6 trln roubles, and on 800 billion it is more.
last Friday already analyzed possible intermediate term inflationary consequences of change of an order of indexation of pensions. However from the point of view of economic policy it is more important to answer a question on, whether it is necessary to consider the decree of the president as one of the first steps aside bolshej social orientirovannosti the Russian economy or, in other words, its development on sotsial - to the democratic scenario.
it is necessary to recognise that anything the government defined representatives while cannot tell. Recognising in words necessity of address social support, they disperse in concrete definition of its maintenance. The impression is made that the impulse to strengthening of social accent in economic policy and goes not from “ economic “ and from “ political “ structures of the presidential device. So, one of the high-ranking employees of Presidential Administration in conversation with the correspondent has directly declared inevitability “ sotsial - the democratic Renaissance in Russia “. The steadfast attention of official political scientists to this model speaks completely not theoretical, but especially practical reasons. In their opinion, two persons can actively maintain it: considered already almost as opponent Alexander Solzhenitsyn (a number of presidential advisers is assured that it will inevitably turn to the politician) and for a long time expected in a circle of political players eks - the president of the USSR Michael Gorbachev. Last, recently declaring necessity of formation “ alternative democratic movement “ never hid the sotsial - democratic orientation with which it has replaced the communistic.
strangely enough, but proedennyj poll of representatives of political circles leads to an unexpected conclusion: among professional politicians the right - conservative ideas use considerably smaller popularity, than sotsial - democratic. The recognition of some influential employees of the device of party " is remarkable in this sense; the Choice of Russia “ that the future it they see in gradual drift “ on the right - on the left “. Their determination is shown dobaljaemye thus by words “ with Gaydar or without “. It is necessary to notice that representatives of the presidential device in a private order specify in a figure of the present chairman of the State Duma Ivan Rybkin as on one of two most possible candidates in Boris Yeltsin`s successors (the second prime minister Victor Tchernomyrdin is called). As the candidate for presidents the head of the lower chamber of parliament, of the general opinion, will generate the program on sotsial - democratic principles.
it is necessary to recognise that while these principles are formulated in the general view: strengthening of a regulating role of the state in economy, “ more fair “ distribution of incomes, strengthening of social security of the population, “ Priority of social indicators over economic “. As a substantiation of similar practice are put forward in the basic four theses which demand the short comment.
“ transition to market economy is not connected with obligatory decrease in a share of state expenses in GNP and reduction of scales of budgetary regulation of economy “. Really, the example of Taiwan 60 - h - the beginnings 80 - h testifies years to possibility of a combination of enough rigid state planning and market economy. The basic share of capital investments on Taiwan was carried out at the expense of the state, were thus planned not only volumes of investments into separate branches, but also on separate objects. The similar system existed and in South Korea. In the Western Europe something similar can be found in Italy. So, prior to the beginning 90 - h years the share of state expenses in GNP of this country exceeded 54 % (the USA - 35), and the state share in total amount of investments - 40 % (CØÀ - 22). However it is necessary to consider that Taiwan which has achieved the most impressing successes consistently reduced razmey state sectors and so consistently limited the state intervention in economy. Kept considerable scales of state regulation Korea had to face recently with economic