Trolley buses will cease to beat a currentMinistry of Transport of the Russian Federation has given out the joint-stock company permission “ Ufa repair tramvajno - trolleybus for
Trolley buses will cease to beat a current
Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation has given out the joint-stock company permission “ Ufa repair tramvajno - trolleybus factory “ on manufacture of trolley buses with own trade mark. In Russia, the country with one of the most intensive in the world the third manufacturer of these cars has appeared trolleybus movement.
All requirements of the USSR for trolley buses were satisfied with Factory of Uritsky (ZIU) in the city of Engels (the Saratov region) Letting out an order of 2,2 thousand cars in a year. But in the end of 80 - h the situation has changed. Regional administrations not always could pay off for trolley buses “ live “ money, and the factory did not know what to do with the goods arriving on barter. The huge requirement of the CIS countries for trolley buses - about 2,5 thousand a year - remained unsatisfied. The factory has lost the market and in the beginning 90 - h at ZIU (now it is called as joint-stock company “ Trolza “) Competitors began to appear.
in the beginning 90 - h years manufacture of trolley buses have mastered Minsk “ Belkomunmash “ and the Lvov bus factory. The trolleybus repair factory in Alma - Ate has created the joint venture on manufacture of trolley buses with the Czech concern of Skoda Plzen. Then the Vologda mechanical factory has joined them - for a basis there took a design of the cars which were issued at factory in Engels. However it is necessary for Russia at least 1,5 thousand new trolley buses year, and the Vologda factory and joint-stock company “ Trolza “ together do five times less.
One of these days it has been declared occurrence in Russia the third manufacturer of these cars. Belonging to municipality of Ufa repair tramvajno - the trolleybus factory (URTTZ) has begun release of trolley buses BTZ of own working out. Scientists of the Russian Academy of Sciences, experts of Institute of automatics and management of electrotransport of St.-Petersburg have taken part in preparation of this car for manufacture and of some other scientific research institutes. In BTZ one electric motor, instead of three, as in ZIU - 682 (last car makes a basis of park of trolley buses in Russia) - thanks to it the Ufa car more economically. The considerable part of an electric equipment is established on a trolley bus roof that does it more safely. In ZIU - 682 “ the electrician “ settles down under a floor, and in crude winters from - for breakdowns in conducting of passengers regularly beats a current - cases with a deadly outcome are fixed even.
while capacities of the Ufa factory allow to let out annually to 120 cars, but the project provides possibility of expansion of manufacture. However, and 120 cars on the Russian scales, are a lot of: “ Trolza “ the leader of this market, lately lets out about hundred cars in a year. And these clients URTTZ intend at “ Trolza “ to select - the Ufa trolley bus costs about 1 million rbl., almost in one and a half time is cheaper, than cars of competitors.
GULCHACHAK - HANNANOVA, Ufa; JUK - SAALAHTISMJAE