LTE which will move heaven and earthWhile experts of the whole world admire possibilities LTE (Long Term Evolution), many users continue to remain in ignorance that it for technology. And after all it that lever which in the nearest future will move heaven and earth the same as when - that Henry Ford`s conveyor. By means of LTE each owner of the smart phone will get broadband access to the Internet on speeds from several tens to 300 MB a second.
for that to wait from LTE?
Access to the Internet from any point is and now - in networks 3G/ HSPA. But between concepts “ access “ and “ comfortable work without restrictions “ the precipice lies: outside of reading of mail and simple surfing emptiness where is not present online - games, YouTube, neither interactive services, nor high-grade work in corporate networks through VPN. LTE at last - that completely eliminates this precipice. Already now everyone sota LTE is capable to support speeds of data transmission to 100 Mbit/ with, that is comparable to speed of cable networks. Today it is a limit for the user`s equipment, but in a year - two, according to manufacturers and operators, speed 300 Mbit/ will grow up to 150 and even with (these are peak speeds, achievable in perfect conditions; the average speeds accessible to the subscriber, will be less as the general throughput honeycombs shares between several subscribers). And speed not a unique trump of technology: in comparison with all current wireless analogues in networks of this standard in times will decrease ping (time of a delay of a signal) - to 10 - 20 ms. And it is the vital parametre for online - games, Skype and others sensitive to quality of the channel online - appendices. Low ping will erase at last a difference between wire and wireless access.
For the operator transition to LTE means that it will pass on networks of much more traffic and the cost price of each transferred bit will be cheaper, than in networks 3G/ HSPA and other technologies. The operator will share the economy with subscribers that will be expressed in decrease in quotations on the mobile Internet - access to recalculation “ on information byte “. Expenses of subscribers on communication, on the contrary, will grow, after all some will decide to pass completely to the mobile Internet, having refused the fixed. That is the situation is probable that in a prize there will be both parties: both the provider of service, and the consumer, and it always excellent base for development of any technology.
much depends on that marketing policy which will be chosen by operators, and other factors - whether will be the course on mass character of service or on " is taken; removal of cream “ from what position will be occupied with a regulator, whether there will be price wars between participants of the market.
There are also others interested in LTE - manufacturers of smart phones and developers of appendices for them. Only in networks LTE with fast and inexpensive access their products at last - that can reveal to the full - today the potential of consumption of a content is limited by actually any speeds of access and monstrous ping. Smart phones LTE while on sale does not exist. Networks have started to be started, and the first smart phones only are tested in laboratories. But through one - two years counters will abound with a variety of models.
do not remain offended and developers of appendices. If today only for owners iPhone in App Store it is offered more than 300 thousand appendices with the advent of LTE - versions iPhone to them the whole class of appendices of the new type using possibilities of the spacious channel will be added, and old appendices will start to use more actively at the expense of depreciation the Internet - the traffic. As a result consumption (read - sales) appendices will start to grow explosive rates.
who brakes LTE in Russia?
if transition to LTE is favourable to operators, subscribers and other participants of the market that constrains it in Russia? The situation reminds approach of winter: it always comes at the same time, but news channels still have never avoided a cliche “ the city has appeared is not ready to arrival of colds! “. The Russian operators quite definitely express the desire to build network LTE, and here the regulator has appeared to it is absolutely not ready. Tests are not conducted in due time, necessary documents are not developed. There are no decisions on distribution of frequencies and licences for the right of building of networks. The principle of a technological neutrality which would allow the operators already having frequencies, to solve is not entered, what technology to use at network construction, there are decisions whenever possible no reuse of frequencies GSM. But there is an infinite quantity of official papers which each step of the operator is required to fill and co-ordinate literally that tightens introduction of new technologies for years, increasing technological backlog of Russia from other countries. And, the most important thing, is not present the frequencies prepared by a regulator to construction of perspective communication networks.
meanwhile to operators who will build networks LTE, without wide strips of frequencies, from 20 MHz not to manage. And frequencies are necessary “ with a stock “ after all technology growth the next three years will be enormous is will demand certain throughput, capacities. But corresponding decisions GKRCH, unfortunately, are not present, and the question on frequencies under 4G over and over again acts in film from the program of sessions of this commission.
the reasons of braking two: in - the first, in Russia hardly probable not all frequencies are in priority using of power structures which do not hasten them “ to share “ With civil operators, and in - the second, on frequencies, suitable for construction LTE, it was found out bolshy demand, than is frequencies. Obvious applicants among the Russian operators of cellular communication - MTS, “ the Megaphone “ “ a Biline “ and Tele2. Taking into account world experience they are the best candidates on development LTE. However in expansion of networks LTE in Russia are ready to be engaged and beginners - “ Skartel “ which built earlier federal network WiMAX, and “ the Basis a TV set “ founded by the companies “ Ajtelekominvest “ and “ Voentelekom “. Any of these companies has no neither experience of expansion of communication networks of federal scale, nor experience of service of tens millions subscribers. There are also other interested persons. And as in Russia process of distribution of frequencies has opaque character, frequencies can get “ not to those guys “ and then development LTE will go to Russia “ the way “ Distinct from everything that becomes in the world. It will result in what consequences, it is possible to guess only. But it is not necessary to expect a positive.
One of the possible solutions of a problem, already tested in a number of the countries, first of all Tele2 in Sweden, - to force wishing to build LTE in Russia to unite round frequency appointments, having divided expenses on network construction. It will lower capital and operational expenses for each of participants of the joint project, will raise competitiveness. But within the limits of the current legislation and the general mentality of the Russian business such variant of cooperation will meet considerable difficulties.
clearly one: without LTE existing networks soon will begin “ to choke “ from the growing data flow, and speed with which they provide, against a situation in other countries will seem unacceptably low. LTE opens huge potential of growth of the economy, new kinds of business and, certainly, services - being deprived of similar tools, the country can hopelessly lag behind in short terms leading western powers. It is necessary to hope that LTE eventually will receive a residence permit in Russia and will open a new epoch of the mobile Internet. Fast, popular, qualitative and inexpensive.