For study in the Internet
“ In our life there are two great equalizers - the Internet and formation “. This favourite saying of the head of American corporation Cisco Systems of John Chembersa. So formation through the Internet gives the equalizer in a square. As to receive it it is possible without a separation from the house or working computer.
the Idea of remote formation (TO) is not new - its elements are to some extent realised in such modes of study, as correspondence and eksternat. We will remember, how the correspondence course system is under construction. To the student the curriculum, the educational literature and textbooks of methodics stand out. During a semestre it independently studies a material, carries out control and sends them on check, and in the end of a semestre - already internally - passes examinations. Zaochnik it is deprived possibility to communicate with the teacher and other students. Internet use in remote formation allows to eliminate this lack. On the Internet students can communicate with each other both with teachers at any time and in any place.
in institute on the Internet
However, iridescent prospects of remote formation about which so much now speak, are not too obvious. The main arguments of supporters TO is a low cost of training, the big throughput of high schools and integration into world educational process. For example, the USA, taking the fifth place among the largest exporters of an educational product, annually earn on it $7 billion last year, according to Institute of the international formation, in the USA 453 787 foreign students were trained. Their big part (57 %) - from Asia, only 15 % - from Europe. Today higher education in the USA - 100 - the milliard business making 2,7 % of GNP. Russia too could earn not bad on export of the educational programs to the CIS countries, Baltics, the Near East and to other traditional consumers of Russian education.
but on a way of remote formation there are many difficulties. In - the first, leading Russian high schools (the Moscow State University, MFTI, MGTU of Bauman, etc.) Always with mistrust concerned correspondence course. Offered it only high schools of the second echelon - MIIT, MIEM, MATI and etc. which level of programs was obviously weaker. But the qualitative diploma raising its cost in the market of labour is necessary to the student. And in the opinion of employers will have value only the programs of remote education offered by the best universities of Russia. But in Russia it is a little such high schools, and to train all interested persons they not in a condition.
Remain unresolved and some technical problems TO. How, for example, to spend examinations in a mode “ it - a line “? After all the student for the answer to examination questions can plant for the computer of the friend - the honours pupil. Without internal session not to manage. In the presence of good communication channels examinations can be spent by means of bilateral videoconferences. But here there is a second problem - a communication quality. The majority of the high schools offering the programs TO, place with itself on web - the server all teaching materials and tests. But from - for a bad connection many students cannot use them in a mode “ it - a line “. It turns out long and expensively - for information downloading in volume of one disk of CD - ROM the student should pay to the provider about $100.
Therefore e-mail became the unique really working tool for TO. On sites of some high schools systems of conferences work, but it is faster an exception, rather than a rule. Other advantages of the Internet - access to global libraries, databases of the largest universities, live work with teachers and other listeners, passing examinations in a mode “ it - a line “ digital video - yet for Russia.
on the job
So demand for the first higher education through the Internet still ahead. And here for the Internet many wish to receive the second. Demand on additional business - formation and training to information technology is especially great.
besides the state institutes and the commercial educational centres in this area also the western educational institutions actively work. For example, the Open British university operating in Russia through the partner - the international centre TO “ the Link “ which has about 80 regional branches. To receive British business - formation it is offered on fulfilled with 70 - h years to the scheme: the listener receives a package (case) of working materials, textbooks, the plan of employment and a writing-book - training apparatus. From information technology e-mail is used only. The listener should spend a lot of time in internal work with other students and teachers. The teacher is fixed to each listener - the adviser (tutor) helping it at all stages of independent work.
Other variant of the organisation of remote formation - with the minimum help of the tutor - is used in educational centre Training. ru, company division “ the Message - the Metatechnology “. Rate of work and quality of mastering of a material here entirely depend on the student. Its questions are answered with the teacher on duty. A set of remote courses Training. ru it is connected with products and technologies Microsoft.
the Technology of training is that. The listener is registered on web - knot of the centre and pays cost of training by a bank remittance. Then to it login and the password for access to teaching materials and tests are allocated. By usual mail are sent to CD - ROM and the textbook. Testing passes once a week on a site of the educational centre. In the end of a four-week course the listener passes internal examination and receives the certificate on the course termination.
Advantages of courses TO that they at least are twice cheaper than usual resident instruction, and listeners pass them on the workplace. The Russian remote courses on products Microsoft are in demand, for example, at “ new emigrants “ - Russian-speaking citizens of Israel, Canada and the USA. They are appreciated that Russian-speaking, and for cheapness - similar local programs cost more expensive essentially. But to adjust potokovoe training of natives of Russia such banal problem, as transfer of Russian-speaking textbooks disturbs. Their cost at transfer grows so that brings to nothing economy on the price of courses.
at remote training of technical experts there are also problems of methodical character. So, at improvement of professional skill of system engineers often it is required to show to them as it is necessary to carry out process. A unique exit at TO - animation. In this direction there are interesting workings out. For example, a virtual microscope on which it is possible to learn to work on the Internet, or - too on the Internet - distillation process in operation. These programs are developed in the West for schoolboys. But creation of animation materials costs much, it is too expensive for the Russian educational centres.
Half of clients of centre Traning. ru - the companies paying training of the employees. The majority of them - regional. It would Seem, they should receive the greatest benefits from training “ on an optical fiber “. However, for example, the company YUKOS regularly sending in Traning. ru the IT - experts on courses of improvement of qualification, has rejected the offer on remote training. According to the YUKOS management, absence of the teacher supervising process of training, reduces quality of mastering of a material. Besides, resident instruction in the centre occupies five working days, and an independent course - 4 - 5 weeks. In YUKOS consider that employees cannot effectively distribute the time between working duties and training.
however, director Traning. ru Yury Osipov holds other opinion: independent studying of a material more effectively. The course TO demands from listeners of exclusive motivation, self-organising, diligence and certain starting level. According to Traning. ru, zaochniki better resident students cope with promotion examinations. The similar data company Cisco Systems possessing the biggest network academy in the world (71 thousand students) has also. Two groups participated In experiment Cisco: 100 persons were engaged with the teacher, others 100 persons passed a similar course in the Internet - independently visited virtual laboratory and then passed examination for the certificate. Both groups studied 90 days without a separation from the basic work. In group with the teacher from the first examination was handed over by 77 persons, in the Internet - group - 88.
Work is a study
especially widely and it is effectively possible to apply remote training in intracorporate systems of improvement of professional skill of employees. A competition in the market and speed from which production is updated, force the large companies to introduce own systems of remote training. Corporate educational networks have constructed IBM and Cisco Systems, General Motors, Ford Motors, etc. Many of such systems considerably advance both on complexity, and by quantity of trainees university systems TO. At creation of 93 % of curriculums the most popular are used web - technologies, and also technologies of a television announcement on a workplace (streaming video to the desktop).
According to firm Corporate University Xchange specialising on the analysis of the data in the field of corporate formation, the number of intracorporate universities has over the last 10 years increased with 400 to 1600. If this tendency remains, by their 2010 becomes more than usual. The most popular disciplines at corporate universities - management, engineering - technical specialities, a business management, the finance, information technology. The boom corporate TO speaks much smaller (in 2 - 2,5 times), than at traditional training, expenses for improvement of professional skill. Completely to refuse resident instruction it is impossible, and it is not necessary. But economy of time and expenses for familiarising of employees to uniform system of knowledge - good stimulus for development of corporate systems TO. It is not excluded that the largest Russian companies already develop similar projects.