New decrees of the president - execution
in the Evening on Thursday Boris Yeltsin has signed the decree “ About stage-by-stage reduction of application in the death penalty country in connection with occurrence of Russia in the Council of Europe “. The exit of the decree does not mean full abolition of capital punishment as punishment for crimes. However the decree shows that the present president supports creation in Russia more humane society and already it differs from the main competitor on Gennady Zyuganov`s elections, too many which slogans of supporters begin with a word “ death “.
it is entrusted to Government to prepare for a month the bill on joining to report #6 of the European convention under the human rights, proclaiming abolition of capital punishment. It is entrusted to parliament to accelerate acceptance Criminal, Criminally - remedial and Criminally - executive codes. From the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia it is required to prepare for three months offers about “ reduction of conditions of the maintenance of the persons condemned to the death penalty, and persons with whom the death penalty is replaced by a life imprisonment, in conformity with requirements of the minimum standard rules of the reference with the prisoners, the accepted United Nations “. Differently, for three months it is necessary to make that it was not possible to carry out within last several years. The question on cancellation of the higher measure is a problem mainly moral. Whether Russia is ready to such step today? At level of mass consciousness - is not present. The Unambiguous answer on this question is not present and at each of power branches.
one consider that to civilised country has not stuck to be the executioner; others are convinced that at a present crime rate cancellation of this punishment only will lead to growth of number of offences. Besides, maintenance conditions in prisons and colonies sometimes such that is yet known that it is more humane... Meanwhile on improvement of conditions of the maintenance in subordinated to Central administrative board of execution of punishments (GUIN) the Ministry of Internal Affairs is not present money. So, with a view of improvement of conditions of the maintenance in a pre-trial detention centre and prisons in November, 1994 the government has confirmed the program of building and pre-trial detention centre reconstruction. However for 1996 instead of planned 1,78 trln roubles it is allocated by 160 billion And building of new pre-trial detention centres (as, for example, a pre-trial detention centre #5 and the pre-trial detention centre #6 in Moscow) was conducted and conducted on means of local authorities.
however, once again we will repeat: it is a question not so much of money, how many about tolerance level in a society (all last year in Russia 72 persons have been executed). Formally Moscow with acceptance of the decree of Yeltsin has partly fulfilled the promise given at April session of Parliamentary assembly SE by the speaker of the Duma by Gennady Seleznev. Thereby she has followed the lead of Ukraine where - too the presidential decree - enters the moratorium on application of the higher measure on three years. Actually, formally categorical “ an interdiction to death “ is not present not only at young members SE - Russia and Ukraine. Great Britain, for example, has not cancelled a supreme penalty, however for a long time any more does not apply.
SVETLANA - SUHOVA