New York - the Third Romethe Byzantian antiquities in Metropolitan Museum
the exhibition antiquities
in nju - jorkskom Metropolitan Museum has opened Today an exhibition “ Byzantium: belief and power (1261 - 1557) “ a large-scale exposition of art of late Byzantium and those countries which were successors of the Byzantian culture. SERGEY - HODNEV makes comments.
At Metropolitan, in general - that telling, with Byzantium relations old. There a rhythm of museum projects for us the extremely unusual; we will tell, the first exhibition from the Byzantian series (“ a spirit Epoch “ about III - VIII centuries) was already in 1977 - m. the Second - “ Glory of Byzantium “ (IX - XIII centuries, accordingly from the Macedonian dynasty to crusaders) - twenty years later. That is the exhibition schedule easy conceive on the whole generation forward and thus at all about what do not worry. Money will be. Exhibits too. To be nervous absolutely to what, it is possible to work year after year simply over an exhibition, limiting to nothing epic scope of own plans.
and they after all truth grandiose, and are carried out in a big way. At an exhibition of 350 exhibits and though I think, as forces Metropolitan meeting plus in Dumbarton - Ouks is so much subjects paleologovskoj an epoch it would be possible to type without catastrophic efforts, the enormous quantity of subjects is rented at collections of the widest geography. Romania and Lebanon, Serbia and France, Egypt and Montenegro, without speaking already, of course, about Greece and Turkey, - three ten countries in total. Without Russia has not managed, though for any reasons an art heritage of the Russian Middle Ages not so, frankly speaking, alien to influences “ paleologovskogo revival “ it is presented at an exhibition with tremendous modesty. Five subjects from the Novgorod memorial estate, including a shroud of prince Dimitrija Shemjaki, a so-called Ljudogoshchensky cross and panagiar (a liturgical vessel) XV centuries. And all.
not that that here for power was insulting, start up chronological frameworks of an exposition and assure that it there should be an exhibition not so much about dying romejskoe a kingdom, how many about its cultural and ideological successors. (There is really such rather young scientific theme - “ Byzantium after Byzantium “) . Not only about east - a theme “ Byzantium and the Italian Renaissance “ at an exhibition too it is fulfilled.
well, suppose, that Ivan`s marriage III and Sofia Paleolog - event uzkonatsionalnoj Russian history. But it is not necessary to be aged man Filofeem to realise that the orthodox clergy of the former Byzantian area after falling of Constantinople rather quickly was defined with that, where exactly at us the Third Rome. However, not all thus were guided by the noble it is religious - political reasons. The sums, which Russian grand dukes, and then tsars endowed to living in misery dioceses and monasteries of the orthodox east, it is impossible to estimate is a huge monetary stream which flew, both flew, and flew, and for certain at a present exhibition there will be many vestments or there potirov which without moskovitskih shchedrot would not be possible.
pay attention to the exhibition name - “ Belief and power “. At first sight a little oksjumoronnoe a combination: by 1261 Michael VIII which - as has won at latinjan a piece of Thrace with Constantinople that has added the small isolated territories remaining under control of Greeks, but further - that there was a continuous agony, and hallows in the standard sense were not well absolutely any. The belief, as it is known, was. And even fed with itself the well-known slogan “ better a Turkish turban, than a papal tiara “.
It turns out that it is a question about power intellectually - spiritualnuju. And it after all completely not American theme. Well, we will put, serious domestic vizantinistika recently has a little decayed - art criticism to a lesser degree, historical in bolshej. But from the point of view not sciences, and publicism - same our, native. In orthodox and okolopravoslavnoj to publicism after all any more the one ten years repeats arguments that paleologovsky the Renaissance to all Renaissance the Renaissance that anything such is existential - catastrophic does not happen from - for falling of Constantinople (as happens at falling of Rome) as the Byzantian ethnos has become outdated and it was time already, at last, cultural - religious luggage to transfer in giperborejskie limits: and it is good though that before falling firmly stored pure Orthodoxy with isihastskim a bias. And, in general, the present heritage “ beliefs and hallows “ it turns out not in vestments and panagiarah, and in ellinskoj thoughts which in the West was perverted, and at us the vein and up to any time brought pyshnejshie fruits.
and suddenly all heritage of thousand-year east empire with exhaustive imposing appearance (such scale and multilateral exhibition on a theme of late Byzantium still anywhere was not, it is truth) appears absolutely in other empire. Also that turns out: the patriarch Constantinople favourably writes the introduction to the catalogue. The archbishop Sinai (from Sinai to New York have brought already forty magnificent icons plus an utensils quantity) too has given blessing to an exhibition and njujorktsam, come at it to look. Brothers on belief, Greeks, incur huge sponsor`s expenses - the most part of expenses was pulled by Alpha bank (not about what you have thought, - in Greece is everything, even own Alpha bank). And the third Rome on this exhumation of the Second Rome by and large also have not called.
in the summer the small extract nju - jorkskoj exhibitions will go to Athenes - to crown the cultural program of the present Olympic Games. There, predictably, there will be basically illustrations of the Byzantian influence in pozdnesrednevekovom the European art. But though the Greek capital sponsored including rent of the Novgorod exhibits, pogorditsja the Byzantian influences in the light of the Olympic flame it will not be possible to Russia. But instead we will flash in attic capital a lean exhibition “ Art and sports “.