Officials deprive of interestscivil service reform
the State Duma has approved in the second reading the bill “ About the state civil service of the Russian Federation “. Despite presence in the project of some norms essentially new to Russia, coming into force of this law, most likely, will not prevent domestic bureaucracy to adhere to those rules to which she has got used for a long time.
civil service reform has begun autumn of 2002 when Vladimir Putin has confirmed its concept. The interdepartmental commission led by the first deputy of the head of presidential administration of that time Dmitry Medvedev was engaged in preparation of a package of necessary bills. In the beginning of 2003 in the State Duma the first document from this package - the bill " has arrived; About system of public service of the Russian Federation “ establishing the general principles of the organisation of civil service. Specific working conditions of officials should be registered in three independent laws - about civil civil service, about military civil service and about civil service in law enforcement bodies.
the State Duma of the previous convocation has had time to pass as a whole the frame law, and also to consider in the first reading the project about civil civil service (in detail wrote about it on November, 20th, 2003). Consideration of both documents was accompanied by a fierce dispute which tone was set by deputies of fraction of Union of Right Forces. However, the Prokremlin deputies who in last Duma had a simple majority of votes, have not apprehended their arguments.
the present Duma, in which at propresidential “ an United Russia “ not so simple, and the constitutional majority (two third of list structure), has managed and at all without discussions. On Friday discussion in the second reading (when essential editing is still possible) has occupied from deputies of only 15 minutes.
In comparison with an initial variant the project has undergone the minimum changes. In article 4 in which service principles are listed, it is not mentioned any more “ an estimation of efficiency of civil service and degree of satisfaction of interests of a society and the state “. The head of committee of the regional policy Victor Grishin representing the bill, has noted this amendment, but has not explained the reasons on which efficiency and public advantage of the official work are not subject to an estimation. However, from mister Grishin anybody from deputies also did not demand any explanations. Has not caused questions and replacement of the former formulation about “ availability of the information on functioning of civil service “ on a variant “ availability of the information on civil service “.
the Majority of other norms has done without amendments though in comparison with present system of civil service of change will be rather essential. First of all, after the introduction of the new law into force present classification of posts by categories will be abolished And, and V.Vmesto them four categories are entered: heads, assistants (advisers), experts and providing experts. Equal access to civil service for all Russian citizens which will be provided with competitive system of hiring on service is guaranteed. However, in the law cases at which competition is not spent are stipulated. Cases so many that in practice competitions on group of younger posts will be possible only, to occupy which and now aspires nobody from - for the lowest salaries.
other concept new to the Russian civil service becomes “ the conflict of interests “ that is a situation, when as it is written down in the bill, “ personal interest influences or can affect objective execution by employee of functions “. Similar situations arise more often from - for participation of officials in this or that business, for the sake of profit which the state employee can use the imperious influence. The law orders to create the special commission on settlement of the conflict of interests in each state body. However the law does not demand, that the person, arriving on civil civil service, without fail informed on the interests which are falling outside the limits service. At the same time the law establishes that “ the representative of the employer “ it is obliged “ to take measures on prevention or conflict settlement “ if will find out in the employee “ personal interest which results or can lead to the conflict of interests “. However, thus the law does not specify, whether is obliged “ the representative of the employer “ to address for the help in the commission.
After acceptance in the third reading (most likely, it will occur in the end of April) the law should be approved Council of federation and will come into force after signing by the president.
VICTOR - HAMRAEV