Science completely Projects in the Russian companies become more and more widespread phenomenon. And management of them - perspective and highly paid work. Now in the market the wide choice various on duration and the maintenance of the programs training to design management is presented.
the majority of projects are never observed in the planned terms and cost dearer, than it was supposed. Exist even Murphy`s laws for those who is engaged in projects: Projects are always carried out to level of readiness of 90 % and fade forever . Or: Time for completion of carelessly imposed project three times exceeds the planned. Term of realisation of carefully planned project exceeds established twice . Training to management techniques helps if not to avoid such situations then to reduce their number.
Now in the world exists two basic standards of management of projects. One of them is developed by Americans - institute PMI (Institute of management of projects). For some years earlier, than PMI, Europeans have created the International association on management of projects (now IPMA). IPMA unites professional associations of many countries. Its member is and created in Russia in 1990 association of management projects SOVNET. For a basis in SOVNET and other associations entering into the international association, standards IPMA are taken. Nevertheless in each country standards vary depending on national features.
the American certification is considered more popular. Vladimir Pervushin, managing chair of management of projects at faculty innovatively - technological business ANH, PMP: In Malaysia make fine and difficult electronics, and thus anything in it do not understand. Simply it gives accurate instructions. As and with PMI - they have scrupulously painted and documented all managerial process by the project so, what even the person having of few experience, knows, as as to it to do. This technique first of all is focused on planning of the process of performance of the project .
the European technique is in a greater degree focused on requirements to personal kompetentsijam the manager of the project. Therefore at certification experience and skills of work in projects are appreciated. The European certificates IPMA have four levels: the higher And is a director of programs and projects, the lowest D - the expert in management of the project.
In Russia certificates PMI 60 persons, IPMA - more than 300 persons possess only.
the Standard variant
on design management can be divided All training courses on two categories. One prepare for reception of the professional certificates which are given out PMI (the certificate is called PMP) or IPMA. Others train in management of projects, and after them such certificates do not stand out. But all the same at the heart of almost any program one of techniques or both usually lies at once.
For reception of certificates IPMA prepare in association SOVNET. Here there are courses from 16 till 80 o`clock (their duration depends on initial preparation of the listener). Cost varies from 9 to 30 thousand rbl.
On PMP it is possible to count after training in PSM consulting, IT - the Expert on Vladimir Liberzona`s courses (the company Technologies of management the Spider ) And etc. preparation Cost - $200-250 in day, programs last from two about six days.
the Mass variant
Certificates are necessary not to everything just as not all aspire to receive the diploma of the translator though foreign languages learn many. And in the market there is a weight of courses on management of projects after which certificates do not give out.
Programs from 500 till 1000 o`clock (magisterskie in MESI, MMIEIFP, the remote program of retraining at Institute of investment development) are calculated on those who wants to receive the second trade. A solid part of training occupy obshcheprofessionalnye disciplines - financial management, marketing and etc. there is a block devoted directly to projects Further.
the Rector of Institute of investment development Valery Shapiro has passed in due time training in PMI. And working over the program of the institute, he adapted operating time PMI - for example, has tried to consider unpredictability of the Russian economy in which it is impossible to do exact calculations of risks and project cost.
the Correspondence program of retraining on management of projects in GUU lasts 540 hours. The university closely co-operates with association SOVNET (IPMA).
is in Russia and one and only MVA, devoted to management of projects, - Innovative and design management at faculty innovatively - technological business ANH at the Government of the Russian Federation. As well as on any MVA, its part is occupied with base disciplines, and 424 hours are devoted disciplines of specialisation, that is innovations and their design management.
the Supervisor of studies of the program Vladimir Pervushin gravitates to the American techniques of management of projects (it possesses certificate PMI) more. Students of the program are heads of departments of the large companies, responsible big projects, or heads of the companies which want to develop the business at the expense of new directions. For example, to the graduate of the program to Vasily Kostjanovsky, to the head of representation of investment company Goldmound Holding Establishment, often it is necessary to estimate perspectivity of this or that project. One more student during training developed the big project on reengineering business - processes in the company.
Elena Kruchina, the chief uchebno - methodical department TSKT ANH, has told that as a theme of the thesis listeners take the worker business - a problem which would like to solve. One is attached to everyone diplomniku of business - advisers (they make 75 % of teachers), and they together work over the project during all training.
the Majority of short programs is spent by the Accelerated rates not in the form of lectures, and in the form of trainings. Theories a minimum.
the Group of companies the International institute of management together with the company AjTi has created the whole School of management. In 2003 GK the MIME has entered in SOVNET, but in the program the attention is given not only to management of people in the project, but also to quality management of the project and standard ISΞ 9000. President GK the MIME Dmitry Dimitriev has told that the school first of all is focused on large fish . The groups of experts working over projects expenses for management in which the minimum makes of 5 % from a project turn Here study. Usually all listeners master a base course (21 treningovyj day), and then for each member of design group the separate program is formed.
In GK the MIME also is the program Kouching - school Which lasts 168 hours, it first of all consulting. The listener studies a management technique on the real project which to it is necessary for realising in the company. As a rule, it is small projects with the budget no more than $10 million More often pupils kouching - schools - representatives of small and average business.
There are even more compact programs, for example in CBSD and the Stockholm school of economy. As a rule, people who already work here come or should start to work over the project, and it is necessary for them to receive base skills quickly. In opinion Marias Morinoj, the manager on marketing of the Stockholm school of economy in St.-Petersburg, short programs not can differ considerably from each other. Simply because Project Management is certain standard enough sequence of actions: Programs that who on them teaches - the skilled adviser or not - and on a program format (work in groups or one by one) " differ;. At the Stockholm school of economy the seminar lasts four days, and its Vladimir Chernyavsky who was the investment manager of venture fund of the European Reconstruction and Development Bank, and now - the owner of own company and business - the adviser conducts.
the Center of development of business skills CBSD has the four-stage program on management of the projects, each phase of training occupies on the average three days. For example, the first step intended for those who only starts to work in projects. And the fourth level - for the heads of the top echelon who are responsible for design activity in the company.
In the market there are also the trainings devoted to very narrow themes, for example Management of communications in projects in Prado Group or Management of projects and business - designing At the Higher school of corporate management. Such trainings are hardly suitable for those who works over large-scale projects.