The city in the distant WestKaliningrad (till 1946 - Kenigsberg) has been based in 1255 by knights of the Teutonic award on a place of a Prussian site of ancient settlement of Tuvangste. Till 1945 - an administrative centre of East Prussia. In 1945 under the decision of the Potsdam conference it is transferred the USSR. It is located in 1289 km to the West from Moscow. The city population makes 422,3 thousand persons.
minerals - brown coal, peat and amber. Small stocks of oil, natural gas and stone salt are found, oil recovery is conducted. The branch of processing of amber is developed.
the largest enterprise - ship-building factory “ Amber “. Works avtomobilestroitelnoe the enterprise “ avtotor “ collecting cars under licences of concerns of BMW, KIA and General Motors.
in cities - resorts Svetlogorsk, Pioneer and Zelenogradsk develops a tourist infrastructure. In territory of the Kaliningrad region the unique reserve the Kurshsky plait is located.
Kaliningrad - important transport knot. There is a nonfreezing port on Baltic sea and river port on the river Pregoli. The international airport Hrabrovo works.
the Average price of square metre in city apartment - 50 thousand rbl.