Rus News Journal

Laws on a dope

last two months at once some countries have made changes to the antinarcotic legislation. Attentive studying of occurring changes shows that fighters with drugs on different continents privately aspire to a consensus.

anywhere the state and regional features are not shown so brightly, as in laws on drugs. Among the developed countries the hard line in antinarcotic struggle the United States until recently occupied, the most liberal - the Netherlands with their world famous kofeshopami in which marihuana and hashish are on sale. However recently the relation of the states to drugs has started to be levelled gradually.

after US president Barack Obama has appointed the chief of the department on the national policy in the field of control over spread of drug addiction of Dzhila Kerlikovske which have declared end long-term wars with drugs We predicted liberalisation of a rigid narcopolicy in the countries of the American continent (see the Power from June, 8th). It is possible to ascertain that the forecast has already come true in the several countries of Latin America.

that the Netherlands starts to depart from the superliberal narcopolicy, the Power too already wrote (see N 48 for 2008). Toughening proceeds - the Dutch authorities have declared intention to eradicate narcotourism.

facilitating
Mexico

on August, 20th the president of Mexico Felipe Calderon has signed the law that storage of a small amount of drugs for personal consumption is not a crime. The limiting doses resolved by the law are that: marihuana - 5 g (about four cigarettes with a drug), cocaine - 0,5 g (about four so-called paths), heroin - 50 mg, metamfetamin - 40 mg, LSD - 0,015 mg. With quantity of drugs within the resolved norms it will be offered to arrested person to pass treatment for a drug dependence, but no real mechanisms of compulsion to such treatment by the law are provided.

the Mexican authorities believe that country law enforcement bodies should concentrate on struggle against narcocartels, without wasting time and forces on small consumers. In wars of the Mexican drug barons for influence spheres for last three years was lost, by different estimations, from 10 thousand to 14 thousand persons.

the law signed in August has been approved for the first time by country parliament in 2006, but under the pressure of the USA has been sent on completion by the president (this post occupied then Visente Fox). Now reaction of the USA was almost imperceptible. New narcotsar Dzhil Kerlikovske has declared in interview to Reuters agency that acceptance of similar laws gets to sphere of responsibility of the authorities of Mexico. He does not believe that the Mexican liberalisation will lead to that in this country the stream of the American narcotourists will rush. And on a question on, whether it is necessary the United States to adopt experience of neighbouring country and to legalise, for example, heroin for personal consumption, Kerlikovske has answered that the similar will not be discussed under no circumstances .

Another American the tsar the tsar of border the Assistant Secretary of internal security on the international affairs and the special representative on boundary affairs Alan Bersin has declared that to the new Mexican narcopolicy Obama`s Presidential Administration " applauds;.

Argentina

In five days after the Mexican decriminalization the Supreme court of Argentina recognised what to punish the adult person for the marihuana use unconstitutionally if it it does not strike at the right of other citizens. As direct occasion business of group of the young men arrested for some cigarettes with marihuana in pockets has served.

accused to which threatened to two years of imprisonment, have been justified, and article of the law punishing for storage of small doses of any drug, is cancelled. For this decision all seven judges of the Supreme court have voted.

any adult person has the right to make the decision concerning it should conduct what style of life, without state intervention. The person has the right to any behaviour which is not representing to danger and not capable to harm to the property or the rights of other persons - it is told in the decision of the Supreme court.

according to prime minister Anibala Fernandez, the court has put an end to the repressive policy invented by administration of Nixon in the USA and supported by local dictators. Fernandez intends to present the bill similar Mexican, about decriminalization of drugs in small doses for personal consumption to parliament. The president of the country Christina Kirshner, judging by its public statements, will sign the bill.

Colombia

on September, 9th the Supreme court of Colombia has considered the case reminding Argentina, and has passed on it very similar decision. The man accused of storage 1,3 g of cocaine, has been justified. The judgement said that consumption of drugs creates to the person a problem of accustoming and slavery which transforms it into the sick, afflicted being deserving therapeutic medical treatment, instead of punishments .

Distinctive feature of the Colombian situation from an event in neighbouring countries consists that the president of the country Alvaro Uribe is the supporter of the strict measures in struggle against narcobusiness and a narcotism (though political opponents and accuse him of communications with drug barons with 80 - h years of the last century when Uribe was the head of administration of a city of Medellin). In Colombia in 1994 the maximum doses of illegal drugs which can be stored without threat of criminal prosecution (in business which was considered now by the Supreme court have been confirmed, such dose has been exceeded on 0,3. President Uribe for last three years already some times tried to spend the constitutional amendment according to which storage of drugs should admit a criminal offence irrespective of quantity of substance through parliament. It is interesting to notice that eks - the president of Colombia Sesar Gavirija, on the contrary, is one of the most ardent supporters of idea of legalisation of marihuana among the Latin American politicians.

the Latin American president who is doing not wish liberalisations narcopoliticians, is faster an exception, than a rule. In the foreseeable future it is possible to expect that to an example of Mexico and Argentina some more countries of region will follow. Probably, this year in Ecuador storage of a small amount of drugs for personal consumption will be already legalised and easing of criminal punishments for carriers of drugs (so-called mules) is entered. Brazil is going to accept the law similar Mexican, also.

complicating
the Netherlands

hashish and cannabis Sale in kofeshopah should be limited and directed only on the local consumer, - has declared on September, 11th the government of the Netherlands. - Kofeshopy should become again to what them it was planned to make from the very beginning, - points of distribution for local consumers, instead of wholesale suppliers for consumers of neighbouring countries .

By the end of this year the new concept of a narcopolicy will be presented national parliament. Most likely, in it the basic theses of the report of committee published in July on revision of a national narcopolicy under the direction of the Christian democrat Wim van de will be considered by Donka. The Main task facing the Dutch authorities, - to liquidate so-called narcotourism, as much as possible having complicated acquisition of soft drugs by foreigners.

corresponding measures have been already accepted by local authorities of the areas adjoining on other EU countries which inhabitants in the days off in thousand cross the Dutch border for the sake of marihuana. On September, 16th it was closed seven of eight kofeshopov in the cities of Rozendal and Bergen - op - Zom, 25 000 inhabitants of other countries involving weekly. In the only thing working the bad dream of the smoker of marihuana has come true - sell only coffee. However, there was instantly a black market of drugs, and everything, not only marihuana.

in adjoining on Germany and Belgium to a province of Limburg 30 kofeshopov it is translated on so-called club system. Become the clubman the Dutch citizen that should be confirmed by a bank card of the Dutch bank can only. Only this card it is possible to pay marihuana. The day limit of a soft drug is lowered with 5 g (as in other areas of the country) till 3 card Check on a database guarantees that within days after purchase its owner cannot get anything in the others 29 kofeshopah a province. Most likely, in 2010 the similar system can be extended all over the country. About that it is better present, has declared even Vernard Brjuning which have based in 1972 first kofeshop Mellow Yellow.

Denmark

Has begun to smell changes in the narcopolitician in one European country - Denmark. Municipal authorities of Copenhagen have confirmed on September, 30th the experiment plan on marihuana legalisation in a city for a period of three years. Opening of 40 special institutions - kofeshopov and the state shops similar to wine shops of Norway and Sweden has been planned. Experiment has come to the end, without having had time to begin. This very day the government of Denmark has put a veto for this decision, having declared that acceptance of similar decisions is in its competence (the interdiction in many respects speaks that in municipality the majority belongs to supporters of Liberal party, and in the government - conservative). It is curious that in full conformity with last trends in Copenhagen kofeshopy it was supposed to start up only townsmen.

Thus, toughening of the antinarcotic legislation in the countries which until recently were considered rather liberal in this question, occurs against approval of indulgences in the same sphere in the countries where until recently for drugs cruelly punished. All it testifies that the legislative approach to drugs in the different countries is gradually levelled also this tendency gets more and more global character.