Messages with double senseAccording to the total report “ Kaspersky`s Laboratories “ for 2009, the Internet - swindlers become all more refined. Only on pseudo-antiviruses, according to the American FBI, in November criminals have earned $150 million Other ways rather fair otema money at the population the correspondent " investigated; “ STANISLAV KUPRIJANOV.
last month journalists briskly discussed following event: the arbitration of the Magadan area has fined MTS company for wrongful write-off of means from the account of the subscriber. Perhaps, for the first time responsibility for roguish actions was incurred not by a content - the provider, and the cellular operator. The inhabitant of the Magadan area Anton Smaly who has come across on the Internet on advertising of video service 94tb became the suffered person. ru. Its founders promised to give full access to “ to 94 terabytes of films “ For what the user should be registered and send ostensibly free SMS on short number for reception of a code of access. Whether it is necessary to say that to films mister Smaly has not received any access - but has facilitated the account on 1,3 thousand roubles. It has appeared that, sending the message, the subscriber thereby subscribes for mailing of paid entering messages in cost 136,33 roubles everyone. In total such SMS the victim has received nine pieces then the claim has brought an action against the mobile operator. MTS has operatively blocked number from which mailing was made, but from prosecution it is it has not rescued - the company has been fined by a judgement on 30 thousand roubles.
unfortunately, Anton Smalija`s case - an exception to the rules. The statistics says that in Russia similar roguish schemes only in 2009 have brought to the authors from $38 million to $45 million is approximately 10 % from all market SMS - payments. In most cases criminals remain unpunished and only become more inventive. Anton Razumov, the expert on safety of company Check Point Technologies, recognises: “ type Messages “ mum, I has lost phone, urgently throw 500 roubles on number HHH “ already very few people surprise. Though frequently on - former work, differently would die out as a class. But the combination of the several schemes practised by swindlers, essentially strengthens general efficiency of a deceit “.
Find the girl-friend
Special popularity in 2009 have received the sites offering paid access to service “ GSM - a locator “ or the program, allowing to see through clothes. Advertising in the spirit of “ learn, where there is your girl-friend “ have appeared all social networks are filled. Not the services used smaller success, offering to get remote access to strangers SMS - to messages. The deceit mechanism in all cases remained invariable: to get access to service, the user was offered to send the message on short number of all for some dollars. But as a result from accounts of subscribers the sums of tens times more declared were written off.
the owner of a network of similar sites, soglasivshijsja on the condition of anonymity to have a talk with correspondent BG, has declared that “ as a matter of fact, no swindle here is present. All is made out in rules, agreements - only the user is guilty that them does not read. We only do under it beautiful “ a wrapper “ “. As a rule, in multipage “ terms of service “ really happens in black and white it is specified that “ from the account cost of ten sent SMS " is instantly written off; and offered service is no more than game simulation. Expenses for creation of similar roguish resources are minimum and have basically on creation of a beautiful site, advertising (as a rule, by means of spam) and rent of short number. “ in this case nobody buys short number, - our anonymous interlocutor has told, - and only rents a separate prefix. For this purpose it is necessary to lead small discussion with billing - service, to present the project. And further the profit shares under the following scheme: 30 - 40 % - to the operator, 5 % - to the billing, all the rest - to us “.
“ Kaspersky`s Laboratory “ in the annual report Kaspersky Security Bulletin 2009 recognises that “ the Russian swindlers have put on a stream creation of sites with the offer “ to learn a site of the person through GSM “ “ to read private correspondence in social networks “ “ to collect the information “ and etc. The complete list of every possible offers could occupy some pages of the text “. Denis Maslennikov, the head of group of research of mobile threats “ Kaspersky`s Laboratories “ says that in Europe similar problems are not present: “ There the legislation and the procedures connected with registration of short numbers and services of micropayments, more strict “.
it is interesting that a content - providers with it not so agree. According to Cyril Petrov, the operating director of the company i - Free, entering into a three of the largest Russian mobile a content - providers, such problems are and in the West, and in the Eastern Europe and which - where carry even more acuity. “ we will tell, in Spain, having subscribed for a number of doubtful services like “ the Erotic scanner “ otpisatsja from them it appears very difficult, and the user, being the credit subscriber, about the fact of a subscription learns only from accounts of the operator - provided that will start them to analyze attentively, - mister Petrov tells. - the first scandal which has led to occurrence of standards in this sphere, has arisen in England in 2004 and has been connected with a universal subscription of subscribers to content packages at the order memorable much melodies Crazy Frog which advertising has captivated then all television channels “.
after that in Turkey and China, for example, similar models have led to introduction at the state level of requirements so-called advice - of - charge - systems when readiness is in addition requested of the subscriber to buy concrete service from the register for concrete money. “ Certainly, it has provoked a collapse of the market of mobile services as a whole and has led to bankruptcy of many fair and innovative companies. All of us hold the opinion that participants of the market mobile a content - services and cellular operators quite in a condition to solve branch problems “ - Cyril Petrov concludes.
the common sense
Methods of struggle with SMS - swindlers, as usual, remains a little. Mobile operators with ease go on contact and block unfair owners of short numbers, but only a post factum when there are victims. The anti-virus companies to warn against departure of the text message where - or too cannot. Though complex decisions of protection Internet Security are able to define similar sites with a roguish content and to block access of the user to them.
Anton Razumov urges to hope for feeling of common sense: “ If by means of simple phone it was really possible “ to glance under clothes “ hardly airlines would began to spend millions dollars for serious scanners. Fortunately, similar schemes though threaten with loss of money to users, but serious problems do not bring “. But bring serious profits to swindlers: mister Razumov estimates swindle volume in mobile networks in 2009 in $50 million
About the experience of struggle against swindlers Cyril Petrov tells: “ We try to work only with known the Internet - as the companies or reliable enough subagregatorami micropayments, but even it happens insufficiently. Therefore for control of new partners and monitoring of partners - subagregatorov we use variety of technical and organizational measures. In - the first, we consider the basic part of services of partners in the special electronic register. We carefully analyze references of subscribers in our services. In - the second, we divide partners on entrusted and not entrusted. For the second we enter obligatory advice - of - charge. It allows to guarantee that to the subscriber the information on the price and the service maintenance has been adequately informed. In - the third, our developers had been created the special module frod - the heuristics, adjusted on online - the analysis of suspicious scenarios of the order of services, for example payment for service from one number some times successively. At last, we carry out manual monitoring of services of partners, revealing all infringements of our requirements and rules “.
In the beginning of December service - providers have created special group which since February functions as open working group under the aegis of Association of providers of mobile services and a content.
“ within the limits of this group there is an information interchange about all roguish services, - Cyril Petrov tells. - the black list of partners, sites and services Is conducted. The special regulations of interaction on which service - providers instantly block suspicious prefixes are introduced, fine and disconnect the partners, block their transition to other participants of working group, provide interaction with operators and investigating bodies “. If all these measures appear effective a content - providers should not be afraid of other penalties, and to cellular operators - to be afraid repetition of the Magadan precedent.
torture by installation
However, swindlers will always find what to oppose to any protection. In the end of 2009 pseudo-antiviruses became unexpectedly popular suddenly. “ the typical scenario such: the user easy is engaged a web - in surfing as suddenly receives the menacing message that viruses so, the hard disk is necessary for scanning were found out in it on the computer. As a result “ scannings “ Certainly, the set of problems is found out, for treatment from which it is necessary to get immediately the full version of the given anti-virus program. However, sometimes the trial version of such antivirus offer free of charge “ - Anton Razumov tells.
purchase of the full version “ an antivirus “ occurs through sending SMS - messages on short number more often. Certainly, no scanning as a result occurs. At the best the subscriber simply loses a certain sum of money from the account. In the worst - the hands starts a product which brings additional virus programs on the computer.
pseudo-antiviruses young enough phenomenon which has appeared still in 2007, are told by the head of the centre of global researches “ Kaspersky`s Laboratories “ Alexander Gostev: “ The peak of their popularity has had on 2009 when for their distribution have started to be used not only other harmful programs, but also advertising on the Internet. Now it is possible to find set of sites which place banners with the information about new “ magic “ a product which will relieve of all problems. Occurrence and a wide circulation of false antiviruses is caused first of all by simplicity of their working out debugged by system of effective distribution and high profits, which swindlers receive for a short time interval “. Thus working out cost is not too great - under statements of experts “ Kaspersky`s Laboratories “ it develops of working out frejmvorka, the designer of program system, - $1 - 3 thousand, $500 more leave on working out special ON for detour of the present anti-virus protection, and there are only expenses on billing. As a result, according to Symantec, in 2009 it has been registered 250 unique pseudo-antiviruses and more than 43 million attempts of their installation.