The musician with a world name GloryMstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich
Was born on March, 27th, 1927 in Baku in a family of musicians. Has ended Music school of a name of Gnesinyh on a class of a violoncello (1937) and the Moscow conservatory (1946). Since 1942 taught in musical school of Orenburg. In 1945 has begun performing career, having received I award at All-Union competition of musicians. Since 1948 - the soloist of the Moscow philharmonic society, simultaneously was engaged musically - in pedagogical activity in the Moscow and Leningrad conservatories. In 1967 - 1971 the conductor of the Bolshoi theatre (debuted in an opera “ Evgenie Onegin “) . Since 1969 was exposed to persecutions of the authorities from - for supports of disgraced writer Alexander Solzhenitsyna. In 1974 has been compelled to go abroad together with a family, in 1978 it is deprived the Soviet citizenship (it is restored in 1990). In 1977 - 1994 supervised over the National symphonic orchestra of the USA in Washington. In the beginning 90 - h has returned to Russia, however actually remained “ the citizen of the world “ actively going on tour, being engaged in teaching, charitable and remedial activity.
the national actor of the USSR (1966). The winner of numerous domestic and foreign awards, including Stalin (1951) and Lenin (1964) awards of the USSR, the State award of the Russian Federation (1992), an award “ For merits before Fatherland “ I degrees (2007). In 2003 has received award Grammy for extraordinary career of the violoncellist and the conductor. The goodwill ambassador of UNESCO, the honourable citizen of many cities of the world, the honourable doctor more than 50 universities. The president of Welfare fund of Vishnevskaya - Rostropovich. The wife - singer Galina Vishnevskaya. Two daughters, six grandsons.