Rus News Journal

Petersburg is praised by provinciality

Italian and Swiss
an exhibition the architecture

In the Hermitage is opened an exhibition From a myth to the project. Influence Italian and tichinskih architects in Russia classicism epoch . It - twice anniversary: it is devoted 300 - letiju Petersburg and 200 - letiju canton Ticino occurrences in the Swiss Confederation. ANNA - TOLSTOV makes comments.
history about imperial scope and with imperial scope: except the Hermitage, private collections participate from tens the largest museums of Russia, Switzerland and Italy, and also; all is supervised top-level, at least, from the Swiss party. It and is clear: architecture for the Italian Switzerland (it canton Ticino) - a subject of national pride and export. On a boundary XVIII - XIX centuries - successful: Swisses Luigi Ruska and Domeniko Zhiljardi with ease have found a job in both capitals. On a boundary XX - the XXI-st centuries - not so successful: At Swiss Mario Botty with Mariinsky theatre, for example, it was not took.
however, Switzerland and its architectural pride here not the main thing. Actually it is history about mania of the Italian greatness which Petersburg was ill always, but since Catherine II till Alexander`s times I - in the sharp form. Imagined itself that Northern Rome Northern Venice . Feverishly glanced over Roman uvrazhi Giovanni Batista Piranezi and Robert Adam in searches at itself similar architectural symptoms. And at opening from the Petersburg belly drawings, plans, facades, cuts - with porticoes, colonnades and arches, everything as Vitruviem is registered, Andrea Palladio and Dzhakomo yes Vinoloj fell down.
Antiquity reigned everywhere, the Italian epidemic went from everywhere: from Paris, from London, from the Rome where the international command of architects oblazila, has measured and has sketched each corner. Basically it was possible to be transferred to edge of lemon groves in colour, without leaving walls of Imperial Academy of Arts: to study antiki on masterful models from a pith tree, to cram vinolovskie warrants. It was possible to go to England there to catch the most strict palladianstvom so when Dzhakomo Kvarengi built a palace under the name English understood it in the sense that more Italian and cannot be. Antonio Rinaldi, Dzhakomo Kvarengi, Victor Brenna, Karlo Rossi, Jean Batist Michel Vallen - Delamot, Charles Lui Klerisso, Jean Toma de Tomon, Charlz Kameron, Vasily Bazhenov, Ivan Starov, Nikolay Lvov, Andrey Voronihin - all of them Romans. The Taurian palace, the Mihajlovsky lock, the Kazan cathedral - all is the Italian architecture.
in transplantation of Italy to Russia were engaged in the state scales. Which - that replaced entirely as - from Vatican in the Hermitage, only in view of climatic discrepancies them it was necessary to glaze Raphael`s loggias. That the Mediterranean paradise not to spoil a kind of snowdrifts, in palaces have spread winter gardens, walls have veiled solar landscapes of Gjubera Robera. Sometimes scales of the conceived changes frightened the empress: Charles Lui Klerisso with megalomanskim the project of the Antique house for Tsarskoje Selo have catcalled, and Vasily Bazhenov, threatened was to re-plan the Kremlin in classical spirit that the idea of the Third Rome to show visually, was received by the highest scolding. Meanwhile Northern Rome, being got up in an antique suit, all has become covered by building woods: on woods has represented itself Domeniko Adamini, the expert in a raising of columns - the Isaakievsky cathedral and Aleksandrovsky; on woods of last just Grigory Chernetsov also sat, drawing the well-known panorama of Palace Square. In effect, all these solemn panoramas, huge breadboard models and the facades lined on a ruler were only scenery for one big state theatre what became Petersburg classicism epoch. Scenery to performance about greatness of new empire. Because - that so is easy for accepting fantastic architecture of opera backs of Petro Gonzagi for written off with nature.