Rus News Journal

The constitutional court recognised as lawful Russia`s accession to the World Trade Organization

the Constitutional court of the Russian Federation recognised as constitutional not come into force international contract - the Report on Russia`s accession to the World Trade Organization. It it has been declared at today`s session KS in Petersburg.
business hearing about check of constitutionality of the report has taken place on July, 3rd 2012. On demand of deputies of the State Duma. Contract ratification is planned for July, 10th 2012. Without decision KS the Russian parliament could not begin procedure of ratification of the international contract.
court recognised the Report on joining of the Russian Federation to the WTO not contradicting the Constitution, as in the order of acceptance at a stage of its signing and approval by the government of the Russian Federation, and under the maintenance of its separate positions it is told in message KS. Thus the court considered exclusively matters of law, without estimating political and economic feasibility of the conclusion of the international contract.
the Court has considered constitutionality only those positions of the report on joining to the WTO which were specified by applicants, and recognised all of them not contradicting the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
the WTO as the world economy tool occupies one of the central places, it is marked in the document. Intentions of the states-participants of the WTO, the agreements expressed in a preamble on organisation establishment, do not contradict bases of the constitutional system of Russia, fixed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Documents on joining of the Russian Federation to the WTO do not assume also restrictions of constitutional laws and freedom of citizens. The account of economic consequences and risks of Russia`s accession to the World Trade Organization, and also sufficiency of the measures accepted by the state on protection of national interests should be carried out by the government of the Russian Federation, Federal meeting and the president of the Russian Federation during signing, approval and report ratification.
Earlier the group of deputies of the State Duma has addressed in the Constitutional court with inquiry about check of legality of joining of Russia to the WTO. Applicants consider the report as not corresponding item 48, 62, 68, 72, 101, 118 Constitutions of the Russian Federation. In their opinion, at report entering on ratification in the State Duma the established order of representation of documents for ratification has not been observed, and also the coordination with subjects of Federation is not spent.
Besides, applicants challenged constitutionality of separate positions of appendices to the report on joining of the Russian Federation to the WTO. They consider that the given positions break a constitutional law on reception of the qualified legal aid and a principle of realisation of justice only the state court. Applicants also suggested to suspend procedure of ratification of the report on joining to the WTO to the business permission the Constitutional court.
the leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation G.Zyuganov declared: The Communist Party of the Russian Federation urges not to admit ratification of the contract on joining of Russia to the WTO. The maintenance of obligations of Russia before the WTO is almost not known to the people .
According to conditions of joining to the WTO, procedure of ratification of the report should be finished till July, 23rd 2012., then Russia becomes the full member of the organisation.
the report on joining of Russia to the WTO has been signed in Geneva on December, 16th 2011. Also should be ratified parliament till the end of July of current year. It is supposed that the bill of ratification of the report of joining to the WTO will be considered by the State Duma during plenary session on July, 4th 2012.
the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin on June, 4th 2012. Has assured that after the introduction into the World Trade Organization Russia on a number of directions will apply a transition period, as to separate branches, in particular for agriculture, rural mechanical engineering, car industry and some other, There are risks .
Risks really are - V.Putin has explained, having noticed that also there are tools with which help they can be minimised.