Poor money not to give
the rich countries have reduced help volumes
Yesterday the Organization of economic cooperation and development (OESR) has published the report according to which the rich countries in 2006 have reduced volumes of the financial help to 2,7 % to the poorest states of the world. In OESR believe: it is connected by that in 2005 a number of debts to the countries - to recipients has been written off. It is remarkable that the greatest decrease in the donor help - on 20 % - is noted in the USA whereas deductions of the European Union countries, on the contrary, have increased by 2,7 %. Analysts believe that this tendency will remain.
according to OESR, the help from 22 rich countries entering into committee OESR on rendering assistance with a view of development, with 2005 for 2006 has decreased on 2,7 %, with 106,8 mlrd to 103,9 mlrd dollars In the prices of 2005 this decrease has appeared even more considerable and has made 5,1 %. In report OESR it is noticed that growth of the foreign help has made in 2004-2005 30 %.
On absolute indicators of the financial help, as well as in 2005, leaders on - former became the USA (22,7 mlrd dollars), Great Britain (12,6 mlrd dollars), Japan (11,6 mlrd dollars), France (10,4 mlrd dollars), Germany (10,4 mlrd dollars) and the Netherlands (5,5 mlrd dollars) . On these six states 76 % of all volume of the foreign help were necessary. It is necessary to notice that the United Nations have established the bottom lath of the foreign financial help for the countries entering into committee, - 0,7 % from their total national income (VND) should go on a donor service to the poor states. However with this problem in 2006 five countries have consulted only: Sweden, Luxembourg, Norway, the Netherlands and Denmark. The average general indicator of all countries has made only 0,3 % from their cumulative VND. The worst indicators at Greece, the USA, Italy, Portugal and Japan (0,25-0,3 %).
In OESR notice that decrease in the foreign help from Japan, for example, is connected with the unprecedented size of the humanitarian help which Tokyo in 2005 has rendered to the countries which have suffered from a tsunami in Indian ocean, and also in connection with write-off of a huge Iraq debt. The USA initiating a world pardon of debts to Iraq in 2005, last year did not begin to continue this tendency concerning other countries. Write-off of debts to Iraq, according to the head of service of strategic planning of Association of frontier cooperation Alexander Sobjanina, was vital to Washington for strengthening of positions of the pro-American government and maintenance of the slow conflict in the country. “ are usually long write off to the countries - to bankrupts with which it is necessary as - that to continue to run business. To anybody after all will not come to mind to write off debts, for example, to Kazakhstan “ - the expert believes.
in the conditions of the unipolar world for the USA necessity for rigid financial support of the poorest states and even the international organisations, for example the United Nations to which Washington has run into debt 675 million dollars
" has disappeared; In the conditions of cold war it was necessary to render the donor help to the third countries for preservation of a minimum of social stability. Now States can not struggle any more for sympathies of Third World countries and can choose, to whom this help to render “ - speaks g - n Sobjanin.
Analysts OESR notice that the tendency on reduction of the foreign help will be continued and this year, however hope that by the end of decade of the country OESR can leave on level of 2005. “ in the future of the USA, as before, will be in the lead on volumes of the foreign help, however gradually the palm will pass to the European Union countries which, certainly, will continue to increase the help to the poor countries, first of all in the Near East and in Africa. And to the Near East will have to 50 % of all help “ - the expert of the Danish institute of the international relations of Stefano Guzzini has depicted in conversation with daily a situation.