The Russian high schools can miss the students, capable pay for education
Present Tatjanin day for many students can to become the last. On a higher education field serious crisis ripens.
Even in the autumn of last year minobrnauki has made the forecast that in connection with financial crisis and falling of solvency of the population in some cities of the country paid education can be curtailed. And in January in mass-media the information that students had difficulties with study payment began to appear, they ask about delays. Correspondents have conducted own research more than in 20 high schools of the country of various pattern of ownership and have come to a conclusion that the today`s situation can be characterised, as calm before a storm.
the Majority of high schools have not faced yet mass non-payments for that simple reason that the payment for study, as a rule, is brought in September, and even earlier for a year forward.
In a case when money is brought by two tranches, January - just time of the next payment. And apply such scheme usually very expensive high schools to facilitate loading on the payer. Here - that problems also have started to arise.
As pro-rector GU - the Higher school of economy Grigory Kantorovich, about 130 students " has informed; towers “ yet have not paid off for the second semestre. According to the rector of the Moscow State University of M.V.Lomonosova Victor Sadovnichego, at university is already about ten statements from students with the request to delay payment of the second semestre. There are similar messages from Novosibirsk, Voronezh and other cities.
Till now all high schools annually raised a tuition fee - as a rule, within the limits of inflation or it is a bit less. Falling of solvency of the population at instability of bank system (banks turn off long-playing credit programs and if leave raise cost of credits) inevitably does paid education all less accessible.
In such conditions increase of cost of study even on a rate of inflation can turn back for high schools loss of students and, accordingly, incomes. And if undergraduates try to finish with might and main high school at any deal (eventually it is possible to pass on evening or a correspondence education department where cost in ones and a half - two times is less) with a set of first-year students there can be a serious problem.
Nevertheless, according to our poll, the majority of high schools nevertheless intend to raise a payment a little: are called figures within 5 - 10 percent. Some high schools (basically state) are ready to try to do without increase.
In particular, Far East state university as its pro-rector Andrey Shushin has declared, “ unequivocally does not plan to increase a tuition fee “. “ Also it is connected not with our altruism, - the pro-rector explains, - and is simple because the quantity of potential students in Primorski Krai objectively decreases every year from - for demographic crisis and outflow of the population from region “.
the Demographic situation will impair a little statistics not only in the Far East. By estimations of demographers, in 2010 the quantity of graduates of schools will be twice less, than in 2005 - the m. Therefore objectively in higher educational institutions will arise a serious competition. Those who can offer quality education for reasonable price also will survive.
the Prices in sew to the country frequently are comparable to the prices of leading European high schools. At last session of the Russian union of rectors Victor Sadovnichy has directly told that “ It is necessary to think of restriction of the top lath of a payment for formation, at us it has come far and becomes shouting sometimes “. By the way, in the same Moscow State University training cost at separate faculties reaches 280 thousand roubles a year, and at the economy Higher school the top lath has already passed for 300 thousand roubles. In the conditions of world financial crisis the European countries, according to Victor Sadovnichego, will struggle for potential students, and next educational year the Russian high schools can face a competition to their party.
However while this threat is faster the hypothetical. To study in the European high school, except money the decent knowledge of language is necessary still. And here in formation home market for certain there will be a castling. According to Grigory Kantorovich, high schools of big cities can miss nonresident competitors. “ the main problem is at all absence of money, and instability, uncertainty in tomorrow. Parents can simply be afraid to send to study the children to Moscow, Petersburg “ - pro-rector VSHE ascertains.
the Executive vice-president of Association of the Russian banks Anatoly Miljukov looks at a problem philosophically: “ Paid education there where it has been decided, will be curtailed. And, maybe, it is good. In higher education there will be a natural selection. Crisis is bad, but it clears system “.
All question in the one who will survive in the conditions of crisis. According to Grigory Kantorovich, it will be most easier to high schools, “ not educating, and as a matter of fact selling diplomas and draught deferments “. Here unlike “ firm “ high schools study can cost some hundreds dollars for a semestre, and even for a year.
students who all - taki by all means want to end that high school in which they have arrived, still have three real ways it to make. The first and, perhaps, worst: for a while to leave institute and to be restored, when the best times will come. Unfortunately, akademotpusk for students - bankrupts it is not provided. The second: to be translated on evening or a correspondence education department, where study cost approximately in ones and a half - two times more low. The third: to try to take the educational credit. However the credit system has given today the first failure: since autumn of last year the company “ Krejn “ and bank “ the Union “ - participants of the program “ Credo “ in which the state has acted as the guarantor of educational credits, have suspended payments under student`s accounts. Pamjatuja about state guarantees, high schools - participants of the program have agreed to wait till March. Now there are negotiations of the Ministry of Finance both minobrnauki with the Savings Bank and VTB 24 transferring them crediting programs “ Credo “. However on results of these negotiations yet it is not informed.
the Educational credit is in the majority of the developed countries the most widespread way to pay higher education. Such credits, as a rule, are given under very sparing percent and for long term - till 20 years. Therefore use it any can practically. At us educational credits began to stand out literally some years ago and yet have not received a wide circulation. Rates under such credits make from 10 to 15 percent. The maximum term - 11 years. By expert estimations to use such possibility while could no more than one percent of the students receiving paid education. And, on - visible, in the near future them becomes even less.
One of few exceptions - the Savings Bank. As has informed a press - bank service, for today it is concluded more than 3100 contracts on educational credits and the increase in volumes of such credits is supposed, considering high requirement for them. But it while only intentions.
Banks count that the arisen crisis will push legislators to pass at last the law on educational credits. During the last years some variants of such law have been prepared, but it and has not been accepted, as it was not possible to agree on some vital issues. And main of them - who should cover risks of non-returns under such credits? “ first of all under such credits the state should bear responsibility, - Anatoly Miljukov considers. - Any obligations should incur minobrnauki. Perhaps, it is necessary to create special fund of support of educational credits. Anyway it is impossible to leave in the circumstances in private bank and the client “.
By material preparation messages of staff reporters Lady Stepanovoj, Irina Polonsky, Natalia Reshetnikovoj, Anatoly Burova, Anna Smirnovoj, Olga Zhurman
According to given Rosstata are used, in Russia 1108 higher educational institutions (without branches) are. From them state and municipal - 658. Number of students last year made 7 461 000 persons. The overwhelming majority - 6 208 000 persons - studied in the state and municipal high schools. A parity of students of budgetary and commercial modes of study approximately 50 on 50.