Denis Kovalevich: In regions the companies compete not, and clusters
In February of Ministry of economic development and trade will consider programs of development of the first innovatively - industrial clusters in the Russian monocities. They will get financial support from the federal budget.
“ Closed “ the city of Zheleznogorsk in Krasnoyarsk region has got in shorts - sheet of applicants. 30 industrial enterprises and three thousand new workplaces Here can be created. Sarov (Nizhniy Novgorod region), Dimitrovgrad (Ulyanovsk region), Obninsk apply for the status of innovative clusters also Petersburg.
But the final decision, what programs will be countenanced, signs the governmental commission in the end of April - the beginning of May. On it has informed during the Krasnoyarsk economic forum the chief executive of a cluster of nuclear technologies “ Skolkovo “ Denis Kovalevich.
Denis Aleksandrovich, you took part in working out of programs. Why the rate have made on clusters?
Denis Kovalevich: They create “ a window of possibilities “ for development of small and average business in cooperation with the large enterprises, with support of state investments into an infrastructure.
not the companies, namely clusters Today compete. They allow to collect in rather small territory many industrial levels: designing of systems, manufacture of materials and accessories, final manufacture and assemblage of systems, marketing. Time in this model " has come to learn to work; the distributed work “ “ the distributed economy “.
Our unique chance steadily to develop in nuclear branch - to pass from logic “ branch “ The cities concentrated to requirements of one customer, to such here to the clusters focused including on external consumers. But till now federal target programs, regional support it was built by a principle “ to all sisters on earrings “. A cluster - idea which confronts with such approach. And the state passes to these to priorities, concentrating in one cluster already existing state programs.
In what feature of a cluster of Zheleznogorsk?
Denis Kovalevich: In this city with 100 - the enterprises of two hi-tech and priority branches for national economy are the thousand population. Gornohimichesky industrial complex which has powerful positions in the world market, and the largest manufacturer of companions in Russia with 10 - 12 percent of the world market. Besides it there is the large private company making polysilicon for solar panels.
We look at this city as on territory, potentially competitive on a global scale. The problem - to complete a formed cluster to a high-grade point of competitiveness. That is to create not less than 30 industrial enterprises, 3 thousand new workplaces, industrial technopark. To construct a modern power infrastructure, roads. To find crossings between nuclear and space subjects. To collect in territory both Russian, and foreign contractors, the small and average companies - suppliers of separate decisions. By the way, one of the large private companies is ready to substitute it “ a financial shoulder “ in 1 billion roubles.
And what maximum programme of this cluster?
Denis Kovalevich: It is necessary, that next 50 years existing and future the enterprises of Zheleznogorsk kept and increased the positions in the world market of nuclear and space technologies.
Creation of clusters zatratnyj the project. For example, Singapore estimates cost of hectare modern industrially - a scientific cluster in billion dollars. How much they can be created in Russia?
Denis Kovalevich: In nuclear branch - three - four points. One more possible pilot project is a city Sarov in whom manufacture of supercomputers and IT - technologies develops, the software, laser technologies, materials technology is developed. With January of this year we have opened in Sarov design office. The problem - to increase a share sarovskih participants in Skolkovo to help to make out ideas in projects, to collect the command. The same representation we plan in Snezhinsk, in Zheleznogorsk. If the model will bear fruit, it is possible to broadcast it on other cities. For example, Novosibirsk Academgorodok.
Nuclear subjects one of the most popular in Skolkovo. In 2011 you have received 70 demands from the small innovative companies in this sphere.
Denis Kovalevich: By the way, for a floor of year of work of a cluster, we as a matter of fact “ started “ in June, 2011. from 70 demands 45 have countenanced experts. Sceptics said that projects at all will not be. the most part demands has come from regional the centres - Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Ekaterinburg, Obninsk, Dubna - therefrom where there is a nuclear industry. For comparison, the American venture fund which already invests in nuclear and adjacent technologies with them, considers as a good indicator consideration of an order of 200 projects in a year.
And the market they are claimed?
Denis Kovalevich: Yes, the priority of a nuclear cluster of Skolkovo is in scope of application new, not power nuclear technologies. Three key subjects - the radiating technologies, new materials and management of life cycle - actively develop all over the world.
the Market of radiating technologies, including such applications as nuclear medicine, security, as a group makes 25 billion dollars in the world. Rates of increase of the markets of radiating technologies as a whole high (7 - 12 %) and in 3 - 4 times above, than for the atomic engineering markets. Here there is a place for enterprise activity, occurrence essentially new biznesov. We plan to leave in 2012 on level not less than two grants in a month and as a group for a year proinvestirovat an order of 400 million roubles in innovative workings out in the field of nuclear technologies
In nuclear medicine, for example, Russia lags behind years on ten. What projects are selected in that case by Skolkovo?
Denis Kovalevich: Lags behind, but not in all directions. Is, for example, proryvnoj the project on development of neutron therapy. With its help it is possible to treat the resistant tumours close to vitals - a head, a neck, eyes. This technology only starts to accustom to the world seriously. Transition from an experimental mode to industrial introduction demands working out of medical standards. Now we it zanimaemsjav frameworks of a technological platform “ Radiating technologies “ confirmed the prime minister - the minister in April, 2011. Similar decisions and development of standards are demanded by system of security on the basis of nuclear technologies in the airports, at customs, in the food-processing industry (processing by radiation of foodstuff), for sewage treatment. We had a possibility to receive new products and the technologies, which else is not present in the world. In Peter There are skilled installations where at the expense of a stream elektronov exhausts from pipes are cleaned.
the Second, extremely important line - new materials. For example, composites from uglevolokna which were initially applied in nuclear branch to creation of centrifuges. They are widely used today in building, in an aircraft industry, in car industry, in astronautics.
Many western companies actively leave on the Russian market with the newest medical technologies, including nuclear. Skolkovo as - that works with them?
Denis Kovalevich: At us it is a lot of joint projects with the western companies and we consider that cooperation is the integral element of innovative development and the subsequent commercialisation of projects through embedding in world is industrial - technological chains. For example, Novosibirsk institute of nuclear physics of a name And. Budkera participates in the joint project with Siemens on development of accelerating technics. It the first has received the grant in a nuclear cluster in Skolkovo. Siemens passes novosibirtsam the licence for the further manufacture of this equipment. As a result the joint venture in Novosibirsk, where   is created; it will be made essentially new production.