Canada has entered the big fight for a share “ the Arctic pie “
Canada has entered struggle for the Arctic spaces. But ahead of time not to irritate neighbours in region, she has decided to begin with the small.
In - the first to expand limits of the jurisdiction in Arctic regions on 100 n miles. And in - the second to cover the expansion by noble plans on environment protection.
New measures will be issued in the form of amendments to the law on protection of the Arctic waters from pollution which the government intends to submit for consideration parliament during forthcoming autumn session.
Now law positions allow to regulate to the Canadian government navigation on distance to 100 n miles from country coast. According to new initiatives this zone will be expanded to 200 miles. Besides, the government intends to make changes to the law on navigation from 2001 and to make obligatory registration of all courts coming into the Arctic waters in 200 miles from the Canadian coast.
“ the Increasing number of the countries shows interest in shipping routes in the Canadian Arctic regions, whether it be Severo released from ices - the Western sea pass or predicted stocks of minerals on the Arctic shelf, - the prime minister of Canada Stephen Harper has noted. - We will give a clear signal to the whole world that our ecological standards and the sovereignty are not subject to discussion: if you are in the Canadian Arctic regions, you are obliged to observe the Canadian rules “.
in general - that, the initiative of Ottawa in any way does not contradict international law. “ According to the United Nations convention on a marine law of 1982 the limit of national jurisdiction in sea spaces makes 200 miles “ - the professor managing chair of international law of Moscow state legal academy Kamil Bekjashev has told to the correspondent.
But interesting another. Canada has decided to expand the jurisdiction in Arctic regions only to resist to claims of Russia for geological riches in region. Moreover, Ottawa has conceded to the United States and has postponed territorial disagreements existing between the countries for time to organise joint Arctic expedition which urged to increase chances of the countries of a share “ the Arctic pie “.
Several weeks ago the port on Alaska left the ice breaker of a coast guard of the USA which together with the Canadian ice breaker should spend seismic prospecting of a bottom of Beaufort sea to the north from border of the American Alaska with the Canadian territory Yukon. And also, apparently, to prove that the ridge of Lomonosov for which Russia applies, belongs to them not less, than Russian.
So as experts mark, the big fight for Arctic regions has already begun. The question on the one who posesses the North Pole, was not considered earlier seriously while all region has been covered by ice. However rise in temperature has served its purpose - ice became more thin and opened huge stocks of oil and gas which any of the region countries is not ready to give simply so.
About scales of geopolitical interests of the Arctic states tell figures. The governmental experts from the USA in the first state report containing an estimation of resources of region, have informed that in Arctic regions is concentrated to 90 billion barrels of not reconnoitered oil and as much gas, how many contain the reconnoitered deposits in Russia. That is 13 percent of not reconnoitered world`s reserves of oil and 30 percent of gas stocks in the world.
“ Extensive continental shelves of Arctic regions can represent the perspective area largest in geographical sense for working out of the hydrocarbons which have remained on the Earth “ - the Geological service has come to a conclusion.
By the way, this report, possibly, also has urged on race for control over region in which the subpolar countries, such as Russia, the USA, Denmark, Norway and Canada now take part.
As experts admit, for today is completely co-ordinated less than half of all sea borders on a planet. So there is a considerable potential for conflicts when for this or that area of a sea-bottom applies more than one country. However there is a danger that territorial struggle can cause an irreparable damage to the nature of Arctic regions. The ecological organisation “ Green Peace “ has already expressed anxiety to that the new colonialism will lead to activization of drilling of a sea-bottom that will do much harm to a fragile ecosystem of the World ocean.
In the meantime territorial struggle is developed and in Atlantic. Great Britain intends to present the petition on a shelf at the Falkland islands where as believe, there can be essential stocks of oil and gas. Such succession of events for certain will cause irritation of Argentina which considers Falklands as the territory. Official representatives of Buenos - Ajresa have already declared that too intend to make an application.