Annual session of IAEA
Yesterday in Vienna has ended 38 - I conference of the International agency on atomic energy (IAEA). Signing by a number of the countries of the convention on the nuclear safety assuming closing of out-of-date reactors of Chernobyl type became its result. “ this historical event - the world at last has realised the general responsibility for nuclear safety “ - so has estimated the document the Minister of Energy of the USA Hezel O`Liri. But many do not divide its delight, including the convention of the inefficient.
almost three-year efforts of IAEA on convention development have not gone to waste - the number of the countries which have signed it has exceeded yesterday a limit necessary for acceptance (22). The signatures were already put by Russia, the USA, Great Britain, France, Japan, Germany, Canada, the republic of South Africa, India, Pakistan, South Korea and others. Intention to join has declared also China. Now business behind parliaments - the convention will come into force in 90 days after its ratification. It is not known, whether Ukraine will join the convention, whose Chernobyl atomic power station especially frightens IAEA. Though Bulgaria with not less out-of-date complex in Kozlodue (and it during crisis time for the country provides third of its energy needs) has put the signature.
the general director of IAEA Hans Bliks has declared that has appeared “ the first legal tool directed on safety on nuclear installations all over the world “. It is told strongly, but not without a hyperbole: the convention concerns only “ peace atom “ (scientifically - research and military facilities are not captured by it). It also does not cover the questions, split materials concerning manufacture, their transportation and storage. Besides, its formulations after long negotiations and obkatki were strongly approximated, having lost imperativeness and having got recommendatory character.
According to the convention, in case of discrepancy of nuclear objects to the international norms (and inspectors of IAEA are offered for starting up for checks free) the countries are obliged them to reconstruct or close “ in probably shorter terms “. But the closing-time will be established “ taking into account an economic and social situation in the country “ that, certainly, creates possibilities for delays. By the way, influence measures on “ infringers “ by the convention it is not provided.
the convention, certainly, has compromise character. Undoubtedly only that it was possible to create legal base for more wide circulation of the western standards of nuclear safety. The convention will oblige subscribed countries to pass laws and statutory acts on safety of the nuclear objects (truth, there basically main principles of nuclear safety - technical standards are formulated much less). As the head of Ministry of Atomic Energy of Russia Victor Mihajlov has told, the convention will promote “ activization of the help of nuclear powers to developing countries “. He has not told another: it can reduce considerably a commodity market for production of same Ministry of Atomic Energy.
VALERY - SYCHEV