Quickly and expensivelyCellular networks of the third generation (3G) differ from networks GSM existing now and other less widespread standards first of all possibility of high-speed data transmission: under standard UMTS (it is going to use Sonera) depending on the chosen mode speed This speed 10 times more that which is developed by existing networks GSM can make from 384 Kbit/ second to 2 Mbit/ second that allows the subscriber to look through on the screen of a mobile phone of TV program and video films, to use the Internet, to participate in videoconferences.
for licences on 3G the European operators have paid the huge sums: in 2000 only in Germany $46,2 have been spent for acquisition of licences mlrd, in Great Britain - $34 billion However while these expenses of do not justify. One of the main reasons - high cost of services and absence of special models of telephone sets. Besides, there are no yet the special telephone appendices interesting to users of the mobile Internet. For example, if a usual feature film to download from the Internet through a network 3G, its cost considerably will exceed the price of a usual videocassette.
in the Russian companies understand that 3G it should meet with mass introduction the same difficulties. Nevertheless now in Russia skilled zones UMTS of all three Russian national operators - " work; Mobile telesystems “ “ Vympelcom “ and “ the Megaphone “. According to the assistant to the technical director of the company “ Sonik Duo “ (a network “ the Megaphone “ in the Moscow region) Igor Akulinina, GSM - operators should conduct the largest researches in this direction. “ otherwise in cellular communication process 3G we risk to lose positions in the market as it has occurred in due time with NMT - operators “ - he speaks. However, for the present any Russian operator has not obtained the licence for rendering of a telecommunication service of the third generation. Under the most optimistical forecasts, such licences will be given out not earlier than 2003, and networks will begin service of the first subscribers not earlier than 2004 - 2005.