Bosporus is too narrow for oil from RussiaExport possibilities of Russia are limited not only throughput of oil pipelines. Exist also problems of pass of tankers from Novorossisk port to Mediterranean sea through passages Bosporuss and Dardanelless. Turkey is constantly dissatisfied with that through them takes place too many courts, motivating the position with potential ecological danger of flood of oil. Last splash in emotions has been connected with pipeline Tengiz commissioning - Novorossisk on which oil from Kazakhstan is exported. As consequence movement of tankers through Bosporus became even more intensively, to displeasure of Turkey lobbying building of the pipeline of Baku - Dzhejhan who yet did not begin and, most likely, will not begin (the material see p. 16) also.
However while Turkey not in condition to limit a passage of the vessels through Bosporus; Under the international convention operating since 1936 of Montreux Turkey has no right to regulate movement of courts and commodity tankers through passages. But Turkey can quite limit a stream of tankers, demanding increase of technical requirements to bulk-oil courts.
at export through Baltic sea as reloading points Baltic ports Ventspils and Butinge are used. Through Ventspils 500 thousand barrels of oil and oil products a day, for example, is exported. Terminals and in the Russian territory are under construction. In the end of the last year “ LUKOIL “ has installed the terminal in the Kaliningrad region which throughput in the long term will increase to 100 thousand barrels a day.
building of the Baltic pipeline system (BTS) which readiness of the first stage already makes 70 % Comes to an end. As usual, the initial estimate of financing in $460 million has appeared is exceeded approximately on a quarter. BTS has also political value as will essentially reduce dependence of Russia on Baltic republics. In the city of Primorske of Leningrad region there will be a terminal with throughput of 260 thousand barrels a day. With construction of second turn BTS (the end of 2002) its capacity will increase to 640 thousand barrels a day.