By 2014 of the rate sotsvznosov will grow to 34 percent
By 2014 the government of Russia plans to raise again the rate of social payments to 34 percent, has informed today a number of mass-media. Business will apprehend it negatively, experts confirm. However, mass withdrawal of salaries “ in a shade “ they do not wait: all who could, it has already made.
Messages on return to former level of rates of insurance payments in sotsvznosy officially, however, are not confirmed yet. However as the indirect demonstration of it former statements of the high-ranking officials that the new scheme at which payments decrease with 34 to 30 percent, will operate two years can serve. However there was a speech earlier that in this time the government will offer new approaches to pension reform. But while, probably, they are not looked through.
we Will remind the historical background. Since January, 1st, 2010 the uniform social tax (unified social tax) has been excellent. The means collected through unified social tax left in the budget and some the state funds - the Pension fund of social insurance and Fund of obligatory medical insurance. On change uniform sotsnalogu then obligatory insurance payments have come. Level of the maximum rate on them has been established at a rate of 26 percent. And since 2011 the maximum lath of obligatory payments has been lifted to 34 percent. And it has been extremely painfully apprehended by business. On Sankt - the Petersburg economic forum the president has charged to the government to find a way to reconsider this decision. But in parallel the Ministry of Finance had to find sources from which it is necessary to cover dropping out incomes. They are estimated in 400 billion roubles.
the Decision has been found in additional taxation by payments so-called “ high “ salaries. The sense consists that if now annual salaries over 463 thousand roubles are not assessed with payments from next year from such earnings employers will pay 10 percent. A threshold “ high “ salaries at it raises to 512 thousand roubles in 2012, by 2014 it will make 641 thousand roubles. The exception will be made for small uncommercial business, spoke recently vitse - the prime minister, Minister of Finance Alexey Kudrin. But completely to cover dropping out incomes the new scheme all the same will not allow. Probably, therefore officials also have decided to return to the former scheme. Kudrin, we will notice, not so long ago warned about possible increase of taxes.
What there will be a reaction of business to such decision, the head of a scientific direction " has told; Macroeconomic and the finance “ Institute of economic policy of Gaydar, sorukovoditel working group on updating “ Strategy - 2020 “ Sergey Drobyshevsky.
“ Business will apprehend rate return to 34 percent extremely negatively “ - the expert is assured. According to Drobyshevsky, loading level even in 30 percent for domestic businessmen is high enough. “ however, occasions to trend strengthening on transition in so-called “ grey “ salaries I do not see. At least, this and next year “ - underlines Drobyshevsky.
Thus to the rate of insurance payments in 34 percent it would be possible and not to come back, the expert believes. “ it even is quite good for lowering. However, I not undertake to tell, to what values “ - speaks Drobyshevsky.
That for this purpose it is necessary to make? In - the first, normal and consecutive reform of all pension system of the country is necessary. The expert Besides, believes, it is necessary to adhere pensions to a real financial position of those who receives them. “ Will not manage, most likely, and without an unpopular measure in the people on pension age increase. If to be expressed more precisely it is necessary to stimulate later retirement among citizens, having translated its formation on insurance principles “ - confirms Drobyshevsky. Even increase of excises on such types of the goods as alcohol and tobacco could promote decrease in a lath of insurance payments.
Under press messages, return of rates of payments on obligatory insurance payments to 34 percent is already co-ordinated in the Ministry of Finance and minekonomrazvitija.