In Russia will forbid “ power “
we Hasten to calm readers: and coffee the interdiction does not threaten tea. Speech in the bill goes first of all about so-called energetikah. As have shown researches, the basic toning up components “ power “ drinks caffeine of a synthetic origin, natural biologically active substances from the resolved herbs or their extracts, having toning up an effect, and also vitamins (With, RR, Â2, Â5, Â6, Â12) are. And the caffeine maintenance makes from 150 to 320 mg/ l at recommended top admissible level of its consumption of 150 mg a day. According to doctors, taking into account possible consumption more than one packing in day nonalcoholic power drinks can make negative impact on health of children, pregnant and feeding women, older persons, the persons, suffering the raised nervous excitability, a sleeplessness, infringements of warm activity, hypertensive illness.
As to low alcohol drinks now there is authentic scientific data about absence of their potential negative influence on health of people, especially no children and teenagers, about possible changes of psychophysiological behaviour of the person at simultaneous consumption of toning up substances and alcohol. The use of low alcohol power drinks influences character of alcoholic intoxication and reduces its expressiveness that can lead to an inadequate estimation of own condition, promote loss of control for drunk and to induce to repeated alcohol intake. Happen and more serious consequences. In Sweden the two young men who have accepted a cocktail from vodka with energetikom, for example, were lost.
In the Russian Federation have passed sanitary - epidemiological examination three kinds of the low alcohol power drinks containing ethyl spirit in number of 5,5 both 7,5 percent and power components. Thus, we will repeat, now there is authentic scientific data about absence of their potential negative influence on health of people, especially no children and teenagers, about possible changes of psychophysiological behaviour of the person at simultaneous consumption of toning up substances and alcohol. The complex toxicological estimation of safety of compoundings of these drinks is not spent, there is no data about volumes of output and consumption of low alcohol tonics
As a rule, “ power “ the youth which is spending time in night clubs, and also visitors of sport clubs buys. And it is very frequent they are not limited to one jar of a drink.
the Wide circulation “ power “ yet have no. On the different countries their share in the market of soft drinks is at level 1 - 2 percent. And in Russia - and that it is less. But the enemy, as they say, should be known by sight.
the Bill was preceded by the decision of the Main health officer of Russia Gennady Onishchenko “ About strengthening of supervision of the drinks containing toning up components “. In it it was told: “ Now there is no authentic scientific data about absence of their potential negative influence on health of people... The complex toxicological estimation of safety of compoundings of these drinks is not spent, there is no data about volumes of output and consumption of low alcohol tonics “. In this connection the document urgently recommended not to suppose realisation of low alcohol power drinks in venues cultural - mass actions with participation of teenagers and youth (a disco, night clubs and etc.) To exclude nonalcoholic power drinks from the list of products of a school food. Besides, corresponding recommendations are given the organisations making power drinks.
But one business “ to recommend “ and another - “ to forbid “ moreover at the governmental level. Perhaps would be decisions enough? After all it has not passed not noticed, Rospotrebnadzor, for example, has apprehended it as the direct guide to action. Retail points of some capital districts, being afraid of superfluous attention from party Rospotrebnadzora, steels to withdraw “ power “ from sale. While restrictions have concerned only import drinks. However them could follow and “ power “ home producers. The disturbed manufacturers have sent inquiry to the Ministry of Justice on which have received the answer that the decision of Onishchenko carries “ exclusively recommendatory character “.
In regions the decision of the Main health officer has been met sceptically. The Ryazan legislators, for example, have come to a conclusion that local authorities actually cannot affect distribution of tonics. Deputies have come to a conclusion that the given problem cannot be solved without change of the federal legislation regulating activity of entertaining institutions.
it is visible, it and has induced Onishchenko on the legislative initiative. Ohotnij rjad just is going to consider the bill, and in regions already with might and main there is its discussion. Krasnoyarsk deputies are not ready to forbid power drinks yet. Some deputies have expressed opinion that the question on harm of these drinks is not studied enough, therefore it is necessary to postpone this point in question discussion until serious researches will be conducted.
the State Council of Komi, on the contrary, has supported the project of the federal law. Especially deputies were revolted with that fact that, according to initiators of an interdiction, the information on goods labels frequently does not correspond to contents, and the maintenance of power components is exceeded that attracts to formation of dependence on the goods. Besides for today there is no data about safety of drinks. Opponents of the bill have suggested colleagues to forbid at once beer and vodka sale, after all they too “ tone up “. They, however, have appeared in minority. As the head physician of a republican Oncological clinic Vladimir Kosov has underlined, sale of this product in Russia is not supervised how in the western countries where, as a rule, the inscription on packing corresponds to contents. That “ it is dumped “ to us, practically it is not supervised. The companies - manufacturers are interested, that the product was bought, therefore many put dopingovye products. As a matter of fact, it is a drug which is especially dangerous to teenagers at whom the nervous system has not settled yet. “ I in general would forbid their manufacture, elementary control " will not be adjusted yet; - Kosov has told. At the same time he has noticed that the decision of deputies is a preventive measure, in region these drinks yet have not received a wide circulation.
Protection of the market against substandard and unhealthy people of the goods - one of the major problems of legislators. But here it is important not to go too far, not to splash out for a board together with a harmful potion harmless tonics.
And as to alcohol, both weak, and strong then for a long time it is time to sound alarm. Now middle age of the beginning of consumption of alcoholic drinks in Russia makes 12 - 13 years. In age group 11 - 24 years consume alcohol more than 70 percent of youth. Thus girls consume alcoholic drinks practically on a level with young men.
Level of prevalence of alcoholism among teenagers in 2003 has made 39,5 patients on 100 thousand teenagers. In comparison with 1999 this indicator has grown for 65 percent. The indicator of abusing alcohol in 2003 has made 1270,9 persons on 100 thousand teenagers, thus it in 3,3 times above level of abusing alcohol of all age and tends to increase. The indicator of primary revealing of alcoholism among teenagers grows: in 2003 it has made 18,1 on 100 thousand teenagers, in 1999 - 11 on 100 thousand teenagers.