Evsej Gurvich: there are two approaches to carrying out of a regional policy
the Difference in a standard of living between the richest and poor regions is really huge. And unsuccessful territories can be found not only in the Far East, they are in each federal district. Meanwhile, according to the president, all citizens of the country, irrespective of the place of residence, should have identical possibilities.
But quickly this problem not to solve, though much is already made. The state, for example, guarantees uniform standards of social security in all territory of the country. And rupture in a standard of living affects position of pensioners from poor regions less. The difference in their incomes and incomes of the working population here is less, than in safe territories. Reform of interbudgetary relations is as a first approximation complete. And on change to any distribution of financial support of regions the accurate criteria, allowing to smooth rupture in budgetary security have come. Besides, the regions showing successful management by own finance, have the right to reception from the budget original “ awards “. However, in scales of the country the sum of the means allocated for this stimulating measure, all - taki is insignificant.
Now there are two approaches to carrying out of a regional policy. One variant assumes increase in support for lagging behind regions. So the Federal target program on development of Siberia and the Far East on which during four - five years from the budget it will be allocated 500 billion roubles, for example, is accepted. The most part of these means will go on infrastructure building, and it will make territory more attractive to private investments.
Under other scenario the rate on the strong regions already today serving by locomotives of the general development of the country becomes. There, for example, for the account it is private - the state partnership infrastructural projects develop, the new enterprises are under construction. And the regional authorities, in turn, have possibility to give business tax preferences - for example to release from profit tax payment. In due course rapid development of strong regions can become stimulus for pulling up of nearby weak territories. They will form demand for production made there and services so, to push and manufacture development. Besides at roughly growing economy in some years in strong regions shortage of labour will be felt, and business will be compelled to move there where there is not used and cheap labour. That is in growth of backward regions will result objective economic processes. However, here from the state too it is necessary to think over a series of measures. They can be connected, for example, with granting of any tax privileges for stimulation of business activity in depressive territories.