Natalia Zubarevich: On incomes of the population crisis has affected less, than employment
the New research devoted to incomes of the population and their dynamics during the crisis period and at a stage of an overcoming the crisis, has shown that position on a labour market by the end of summer of 2010 has considerably improved: on 1,6 million people number of economically active population in comparison with the beginning of 2010 has grown, all indicators of unemployment were reduced. For 33 regions its crisis growth already in the past. Level of the registered unemployment has decreased in September, 2010 to 2,1 %, having returned to pre-crisis indicators of the end of 2007 Problem zones remain slaborazvitye republics and regions of the North and the Far East with long-term barriers of growth of employment.
crisis problems on a labour market of some machine-building, textile and metallurgical regions However remain: The Ivanovo, Yaroslavl and Vladimir areas (Center), the Vologda area (Severo - the West), the Kirov region and the Chuvash Republic (Privolzhsky FO), Sverdlovsk and Kurgan areas (Ural Mountains) and the Kemerovo region (Siberia). The raised registered unemployment is caused or depressivnostju region, or unresolved problems of its industrial cities.
the Most positive dynamics of reduction of unemployment regions of Southern federal district differed.
Other good news - was three times reduced number occupied incomplete time in comparison with the beginning of 2009 a partial employment Problem (actually - the latent unemployment) remains to sharper in machine-building and metallurgical regions - the Yaroslavl, Tver, Novgorod, Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk areas, the Udmurt Republic. Sharp reduction of a partial employment in the Samara region is provided by 15 thousand transfer Workers the Autovase on specially created workplaces financed from the federal budget within the limits of the program of support of monocities. To all country to apply such zatratnye mechanisms it is impossible.
In Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk areas, in machine-building regions of the Volga region and the Center the mechanism of the public works financed by means of transfers from the federal budget was very actively used. It has allowed to soften partial employment problems. But purely statistically. The considerable part of the latent unemployment was “ it is reformatted “ in employment on public works, so inefficient from the point of view of employment modernisation. The state person as they cannot find alternative workplaces continues to finance public works for one million.
intensity decrease on a labour market became One more positive trend: as a whole across the Russian Federation in September, 2010 On one vacancy 1,5 registered unemployed, during the same period of 2009 - 2,1 were necessary. However seasonal summer revival of economy has ended, and in September, 2010 the number of vacancies was reduced to 2 % in comparison with August. The Russian labour market enters into a phase of seasonal deterioration.
On incomes of the population crisis has affected less, than employment. In 2010 real monetary incomes of the population grew very slowly, only on 3 % in January - August, 2010 in comparison with the similar period of pre-crisis 2008 Slow growth of incomes of the population confirms that the overcoming the crisis has long character.
Consumption can be estimated on dynamics of a turn of retail trade. Here advancing growth of consumption is fixed in the south of Russia, especially in Severo - the Caucasian federal district. These are regions with lower incomes of the population and a maximum level of the help from the federal budget. Consumption growth almost in all regions of the Far East coincides with positive dynamics of incomes of its population and economic indicators. Positive dynamics have also from third to half of regions of the Center and Severo - the West, but the reason of it different. In Nenets joint-stock company, the Belgorod, Kaluga and Leningrad areas this consequence of growth of economy, and with strongly grown old population consumption grew in less developed areas of the Center thanks to a high share of addressees of pensions and grants.
As a result of appreciable positive changes neither in the industry, nor in investments, in incomes of the population of regions is not present. Only position on a labour market became essential better, but in it the role of the seasonal factor and budgetary support of employment is great.