After the numerous rebellions which have swept on the American and European cities, psychologists have started talking that the young men born between 1980 and 2000 years, differ from prior generations of youth. Many scientists are assured: occurrence " generations egotsentrikov " it has been predetermined by the biological reasons
" What you did, " invaders " all the same remain are dissatisfied, psychologist Dzhin Tvendzh from the State university considers the Dignity - Diego. Simply because they have initially grown with the overestimated self-estimation and with illusory representations about the device of our world. Since the early childhood them raised in confidence that everything that they do, valuably and important, and nobody has guessed to help youth to realise own imperfection. Time of collisions with a cruel reality now has come... "
gin of Tvendzh defends for a long time already the theory " Ego generations ". She is convinced that the present youth is generation egotsentrikov, convinced that the whole world should rotate around their desires. " this most spoilt, self-confident, vainglorious generation for all history of mankind, marked professor Tvendzh in the preface to the book which has left in 2009 " narcissism Epidemic " which she has written in the co-authorship with Kate Campbell. Both #150; and the fault for it lies not only, and it is not so much on parents. All educational system which has become fashionable still in 80 - e is guilty years: say, it is necessary for disclosing of potential of the child constantly podpityvat its self-estimation. Today razdutaja the self-estimation of the youth which is not recognising any authorities, became where bolshej a problem for a society, rather than those fears that disturbed teachers about twenty years ago... "
Then, in 2009, nobody has paid to cautions of professor Tvendzh of attention Leah few the adult mutters on youth? But after last year`s rebellions and demonstrations in style " Okkupaj Uoll - strit " the problem in communications between generations became so obvious that its new book " Generation I " became the present best seller in today`s America, trying to understand, that want grown, but and doing not wish to mature children.
wide layers of the scientific and unscientific public were connected to discussion. Professors of universities complain that modern students need their constant encouragement more than modest achievements on a study field. For example, teachers of University the Dignity - Diego here spend many years scale poll among students on a self-estimation subject. And last year over 52 percent interrogated, that is every second, have declared that their mental abilities much above, than at all other people (in 1980 such answer was given only by 30 percent). Employers complain of the young also: it is difficult to them to take out as unreasonably razdutoe an ego of young employees, and improbably overestimated requirements to the salary. Psychoanalysts fix growth of number of patients with the depression called by discrepancy of a reality and overestimated expectations. And professor Tvendzh, warming up discussion, compares frequency of mentions of various pronouns in the American musical hits for last 20 years: it appears, a pronoun " I " today it is used in texts of songs five times more often, than all other pronouns together taken, and seven times more often, than it was 10 more - 15 years ago. But the quantity of the words designating other people, social interactions and positive emotions, on the contrary, in texts of songs has decreased to a minimum.
Certainly, agree with the theory " ego generations " not all. For example, scientists from University of California, having seen results of polls more than 400 thousand schoolboys for last 30 years, have not found out proofs of that present schoolboys something differ from the parents.
all business in genes
" This youth rastlenna to depth of soul, the anonymous author on cuneiform tablets of Ancient Babylon wrote three thousand years ago. young men zlokoznenny also are careless. They will never resemble youth of former times. The young generation of today will not manage to save our culture... " since then disputes on a difference between generations of fathers and children renew each ten years, both these disputes the eternal companion of progress fixing lomku of old rules and dogmas. We will remember, how much copies have been broken concerning generation of decadents as representatives of youth of the beginning of the last century named, the epoch noted by moods of romantic depression and raised pessimism. Children of decadents declared the parents careless bourgeoises, and " the lost generation ". In sense lost on fronts between two world wars where they also remained, muffling imaginary and present military wounds alcohol and drugs. In turn, their children have become history under a generation name " beatniks " this term was thought up by the American writer Jack Kerouac describing nonconformist youth mugs at the American universities. But if beatniks thought of themselves as about subversives of foundations they were mistaken as participants of student`s revolutions 60 - 70 - h have explained to them, all of them were terry conservatives and orthodoxes. Today against grown " generations of colours " their own children and #150 act; generation to which for the present have not given accurate definition: whether it " invaders " whether generation egotsentrikov, whether generation of the dissatisfied.
All like would fall back into place, eventually, as the British politician Lloyd George, " spoke; the one who in youth was not a socialist, has no heart; the same who remained a socialist in a maturity, has no mind ". A leah So it is necessary to come back to this eternal dispute? But scientists are assured that all not so is simple: the egocentrism of present youth has not so much psychological explanation, how much the genetic nature.
last year the American scientists have declared that have found out a gene which is responsible for a self-estimation. It is gene OXTR coding interaction of receptors of nervous cages with oksitotsinom a hormone playing an important role in social behaviour, including responding and for formation of emotional affections and aggression. This gene has two versions depending on, a leah is present at a certain point of this gene nukleotid adenin or guanin. From the name of these substances gene variants have received a designation And - the version and G - the version. Carriers G - versions are more aggressive and are self-confident, than owners And - versions.
each person the carrier of two copies of this gene, on parent and fatherly chromosomes, but the fatherly chromosome defines an initial combination of genes and the male will occupy what place in hierarchy of flight. It is known that all males of mammals share on temperament on three types, and this distinction is caused by a heredity. At the top of hierarchy stand an alpha - males born leaders with whom parents have vested with two G - versions of gene OXTR. Behind them go beta - males, self-assured individuals and the ideal soldiers possessing in the mixed pair And - and G - versions. In the bottom of a pyramid scale - males, trusovatye carriers of pair And - versions. Natural selection throughout centuries led to that during numerous wars and epidemics the first suffered affliction just beta - males the basic working horsies of any civilisation whereas for offspring reproduction responded just scale - the males remaining in back.
this scheme worked ideally while rather peaceful co-existence in second half of XX-th century has not led to that beta - males became unexpected much. They have brought into the world the offspring possessing born confidence. Better to say, carriers G - to the version of gene OXTR became so much that it should be reflected in development of all civilisation.
" caused by an ego heredity conducts to the overestimated expectations, and inability to satisfy the ambitions a direct way to depression, Dzhin Tvendzh makes comments. And it already occurs: According to the published official data of the Center on control of preventive maintenance of diseases in Atlanta, every ninth American at the age from 12 till 18 years accepts energizers it four times more than 20 years ago. But a leah the energizers calculated on " help; usual people " to new generation of teenagers? "
medical officers say that are not present. According to Committee on affairs of veterans of the congress of the USA, on one victim during operations in Iraq and Afghanistan soldier of army of the USA 25 veterans who after returning home commit suicide are necessary. Entertaining though also rather gloomy comment in this respect it is possible to find... In Feodor Mihajlovicha Dostoevsky`s diary record: " Again the new victim, and again forensic medicine has decided that it is the madman! In any way after all they (that is physicians) cannot guess that the person is capable to dare at suicide and in sound mind from any failures, is simple from despair, and presently and from straightforwardness of outlook on life. Here realism the reason, instead of madness... "
the senior steels younger
it is possible, Dzhin Tvendzh speaks, meet youth crisis their parents could to help, but present 20 - summer do not conceive representatives of the senior generation as authority: " Present 20 - summer see in generation of fathers of losers which are absolutely not capable to teach them to something ".
Really, today children only indulgently smile, observing, as adults tormentingly try to master digital technologies which they seize literally hurriedly. To the same list it is possible to add and all other hobbies of youth from extreme sports before pointed refusal from television in advantage torrentov and social networks. As a matter of fact, the youth had today a world in which just their parents look innocent children, and they feel owners of life.
however, and adults at times are in a pointed manner fenced off from the children, following a new fashionable trend of independent life on pension. " mugs on interests, dances, meetings with friends in cafe, performances, travel abroad all it became a standard of behaviour for present pensioners who do not burn with the desire to devote at all all free time to grandsons as it was done by their own grandmothers and grandfathers, the professor of psychology Lawrence Lewis writes. that it their egoism or natural desire to live at last for itself? The economic changes guaranteeing the provided old age and leaving to each member of a society, have destroyed also traditional family relations. The changes which have occurred to women are especially striking in this sense: at them more the education high level, than was at their contemporaries in the previous generations, they emansipirovanny, and they precisely do not want, that them conceived in an image of the grandmother from our childhood ".
Psychologists predict that years through 15 - 20 that is when present young rebels will mature and, in turn, will get families, meetings with grandmothers and grandfathers on a broader scale will depart in the past and if old men and communicate with grandsons, on virtual communication, analogue of ours Skype.
" Social networks influence a brain of children, growing up generation not capable to concentration egotsentrikov, Susan Grinfild`s professor from Oxford confirms. When the brain of the young man appears is subject to environment with fast actions and reactions, with the new images appearing on the screen at one key press, this fast change of irritants accustoms a brain to work with such time intervals. As a result that experience which children worry in social networks, is deprived coherent sequence and the long-term importance, as leads " infantilizatsii " generations. The thinking of representatives of this generation from - for social networks can be characterised by such signs, as weak ability to concentration of attention, propensity to sensational nature, inability to empathy and unstable consciousness ".
In turn, scientists mark, recession of empathy abilities to empathize, put to the place of another began a principal cause of inability of people to adjust strong relations in real life. The vicious circle turns out: Escaping from loneliness, young men go in Facebook where throw out itself bodily, with all internal complexes and cockroaches, and not because they such zatsiklennye on themselves egotsentriki but only simply to fix the existence of which they far are not assured.
Russia not an exception
In Russia generation " invaders " became a bolt from the blue both for the authorities, and for sociologists, and, seemingly, for rebels. " the new Russian generation essentially differs from children 80 - h those wanted to break, change all, these want a cosiness, heat, durability of relations, wrote some years ago in our magazine one of known art critics of the country. almost for the first time in history mankind " main " revolution occurs not Outside, and Inside. Present Russian children were nurtured at home because to let out children on street at times it was terrible, they have got used to loneliness and have grown initially free, they do not have installation to do career at any cost. Owing to the infantilism this generation does not resist to the validity, and ignores it. Any external, mass displays of rebellion any more will not be. By and large, the only thing that they want, it that them have left alone, did not disturb ".
From childishness and infantility, however, there was only one step to marches of the protest and " Okkupaj Abaj ". In what this discontent egocentric " further will pour out; children of the XXI-st century "? And what nevertheless its nature? A leah is caused it genetically how professor Dzhin Tvendzh considers, or generated by rough social changes how its opponents believe?
on these questions while there is no answer.