For 20 years of existence historical fencing and did not become neither an official sport, nor profitable business. Nevertheless among its admirers there are those who is ready to put periodically in the hobby of hundred thousand roubles.
ten years ago the smith Lev Horev has made the first Gothic armour of Tver. Long consulted on familiar metallurgists with ekskavatornogo factory, together with them selected the stamp of a steel. As a result from - under hands of the former director of the Tver branch of the large monitoring company there was a complete set as which manufacturers of historical arms and an armour consider as skill top. And before Horev forge business knew only as a hobby has adopted skills at the grandfather.
for the Lion of Horeva, as well as for its many colleagues, all has begun with an English serial of the middle 80 - h " Robin from Shervuda ". Having seen enough of colourful fights of Robina Loksli and its co-workers with crusaders, Horev was fond of historical reconstruction, having decided to make an armour independently. To follow an example was from whom in Europe at that point in time already with might and main passed festivals and demonstration performances on a subject of medieval military art. However if Europeans were content simply with an appareling in authentic suits Russians to be engaged in reconstruction as that has soon bored: well you have dressed up in an armour for example, the helmet has put on, took a sword further - that that?
Further, of course, it was necessary to fight - to be cut. So in Tver there was a first club of the historical fencing which admirers consider the phenomenon purely Russian. For a basis was the technics of fight of classical fencing, with that only a difference is taken that duels were conducted in an authentic armour and on heavy types of weapon, on analogues of medieval swords. Simultaneously thematic clubs began to open in many cities of Russia, and in 1997 they have united in the Federation of the historical fencing which even have entered into national Federation of fencing. To rank art istfehta as official sports it has not helped, nevertheless in the country the profile championships began to be spent regularly. And here it was found out that Lva Horeva decision to move in smiths was strategically correct: it became profitable to provide with an armour and the weapon of admirers of a new kind of fencing.
romanticists of a sword and an axe
" Now it is a lot of, who does an armour, historical fencing in a fashion, partner Horeva, together with it creating a workshop " tells; Landskneht ". But basically drive a breakage, obscenely do. It is necessary after all that the armour ideally repeated a figure of the person, was from the correct stamp of a steel, beautiful, convenient. But it is labour-consuming: Three persons the complete set do a minimum couple of months, and there is it as a result from 100 thousand rbl. ".
Through the Internet - shop the good custom-made suit for istfehta will manage even more expensively. So, the price for completely steel armour repeating products, were in a course in Europe XV - XVI centuries, begins from 150 thousand rbl. Meanwhile among admirers of historical fencing of rich people not too much, as a rule, enthusiasts collect the complete set for years, in parts. As the suit is bought not simply for demonstration, and for battles, in which, according to their participants, " constantly prominajutsja helmets, the chain armour, sechetsja a fabric on brigantinah (an armour from plates, priklepannyh under a cloth basis is torn. " money " ) ". It after tournament it is necessary to repair, restore, replace all. In a budgetary segment of the quotation such: a sword 3 - 7 thousand rbl., a chain armour pulls at least on 4 thousand Rbl., for a helmet ask from 4 thousand to 7 thousand rbl. In fight also necessarily to have naruchi (from 2 to 5 thousand rbl.) and ponozhi (from 1,5 thousand rbl.) .
In comparison with arms and an armour employment in private clubs of historical fencing cost not much: from 1 thousand to 6 thousand rbl. for the monthly subscription. Owners of such institutions generally fans of the business, ready to renounce profit for the sake of development of historical fencing as professional sports. For example, the founder of the Saratov club " the Steel ring " Sergey Utkin (next year to club 20 years will be executed) at first was engaged in reconstruction of elements of clothes and an armour with companions, but later this activity has refused in favour of pure sports. " as the master of fencing I, of course, earn less than those who makes, but me it all the same, Utkin explains. but my six pupils champions of Russia, it where is more important ".
That as - that to beat off expenses for rent of a premise and the salary to trainers, and also to help fencers to cope with expenses on the ammunition, almost all clubs existing in the country search for commercial application to art cultivated by them both #150; it and work at museums, and performances on city celebratory actions, and also short shows on weddings, korporativah, children`s feasts. The last is considered the most profitable. Show of historical fencing can be reserved on sites of many entertaining agencies, however demand for such representations minimum according to organizers, in many respects because to participate in club statements to foreign public it is impossible. On the average across Russia clubs of historical fencing arrange in a month on steam of such shows in cost from 10 thousand to 100 thousand rbl. that cannot cover all of them expenses. The most successful in this aspect are the Moscow clubs, but of regions are assured that it does not go it on advantage. " All earnings on historical fencing in Moscow, Sergey Utkin speaks. thus in respect of the fencing Moscow is, of course, weaker ".
to solve material problems to clubs the official recognition of historical fencing as sport would help. It would provide with it budgetary financing. " Roskomsport does not want to register us as an official sport though we are a part of Federation of fencing of Russia, the responsible secretary of Federation of historical fencing Natalia Zhivotova speaks. And all because they should pay then to all trainers the salary, to give free premises for employment and so on. We annually put in the statement, we go to them on the commission, but all uselessly ".
does not play into the hands federations and small popularity of historical fencing in wide ranges. " If you cannot find to yourself a place in traditional sports, do not despair, test in a historical duel! " invited to itself on a site of the city of Severodvinsk club " Forn " headed by the champion of Russia on historical fencing by Maxim Uskov. Visitors of a resource are interested, a leah is impossible, except axes, to be chopped in the old manner on armature or at least on light swords.
it is necessary to mention also that in sponsors at profile federation only one Ochakovsky beer factory which sometimes supplies tournaments by kvass. A unique source of financial assets at it, except small state grants arriving nevertheless by time, annual tournament " the Sword of Russia " passing in territory istoriko - a cultural complex " the Setunsky camp ". Here besides incomes of sale of tickets the federation receives money from clubs for participation in action.
At one time the Federation of historical fencing intended to organise commercial tournaments, on victory in which it would be possible to put money. But representatives of clubs have refused this idea. " then people would fight to the death " Natalia Zhivotova considers.
it is necessary to tell that travmoopasnost historical fencing it is underlined among the main reasons why it is not ranked till now as official sports. As most dangerous of several kinds of historical fencing are considered bugurty. In such knightly tournaments participates two commands on 10 - 20 persons, and even it is more, armed with the blunted weapon. A problem of the fighter to the first to put to the opponent certain quantity of blows. The vice-president of Federation of historical fencing of Russia Igor Panin, truth, assures that here there is only a visibility of serious danger: " On all tournaments all blows are strictly regulated. Everything that threatens you, these are bruises and small grazes ". Nevertheless in 2008 in Moscow ten participants mass bugurta " Dmitrovsky storm " have been taken to hospital, and two with serious traumas. Experts say that organizers, probably, could not check up all weapon which fighters took with themselves on bugurt, and pricking blows have gone to a course rogatinami and halberds.
Quixote and valkirija
" While there is a present level of a traumatism, to historical fencing by a sport not to become " the head of School of medieval artistic fencing Leonid Bojko confirms. He does not agree with the ordinary version that artistic fencers do the statements more likely as literary, instead of historical illustrations historical fencers and #150 put, for example, a scene of fight of Quixote, and here; these are serious, though and battling on swords rekonstruktory. " Unlike istfehov, we simply fairly recognise that our dresses and arms it is stylisation. To make an authentic medieval shirt, it is necessary to plant flax in an open country, medieval tools to collect it and to process, on a distaff sprjast and so on " speaks Smartly.
Competitions on artistic fencing (Stage Fencing) in Europe are spent already more than 20 years, and in Russia they officially started only in 2008 after the Federation of artistic fencing has been created.
actually in authenticity art - feht, perhaps, does not concede istfehtu. " to Take, for example, the best-known number of our club fight valkirii with the Viking, Leonid Bojko tells. All is made very qualitatively. Chain armours spin in the best studio, on 25 thousand for everyone. Each suit on 10 thousand rbl. Also expensive footwear, on medieval curves, from correct materials ". The School of medieval artistic fencing while plainly does not earn in one of the Moscow schools attached to MAI, to it the hall for trainings is allocated; students MAI and #150 train mainly; employment art - fehtom are set off by it as a course on physical culture. Cost of employment 2 thousand rbl. a month. Further, however, Smartly plans to collect from the most effective numbers of show and all - taki to start show to earn on it.
basically in artistic fencing of possibilities for earnings much more. It is quite legal sports, the jury on tournaments estimates besides fehtovalnoj technicians and authenticities of equipment also actor`s skill, for example. Demand for experts with such complex preparation, of course, above. " our fighters participate every week in any actions it korporativy, weddings, other feasts, Maxim Katz from club " tells; the Silver wolf ". Quotations different. Usually high-class fighters should receive for indicative fight 2 - 5 thousand, at cinema pay 5 - 6 thousand for film-making day. But all depends on the order. Long indicative fight in a difficult, heavy armour it is even more expensive ".
Besides, masters art - fehta employ for participation in educational programs. " often enough invite the advanced schools, Maxim Katz speaks. Agree, at children representation about stories if, before starting to pass any period changes, they will see good dynamical fight in a corresponding armour ".