War of brains
the Owner of the company " T - platforms " Vsevolod Opanasenko has rushed into league of champions IT - the industries — has adjusted release of supercomputers. Now it should sustain fight with monsters of high technologies in their territory.
November, 2009. Before visit to the Moscow State University of the president of the Russian Federation of that time of Dmitry Medvedev and solemn start of the most powerful Russian supercomputer " Lomonosov " there were days. Engineers " T - platforms " worked all night long, but the car refused to join. " Lomonosov " numbering more than 35 thousand kernels of the processor (at their usual computer no more than four), occupies a room more than 250 sq. m. As much again a place are taken away under cooling system. To find any error the problem improbably difficult but also to postpone visit of the president all the same what to give up as a bad job reputation of the company.
in despair developers have thought up the plan " ": have written down noise of own supercomputer at office " T - platforms " also have prepared some screenshots to simulate work " Lomonosov ". Considering that supercomputers are engaged in the most complicated calculations, for example model nuclear explosion or behaviour of elementary particles, to the nonspecialist to understand, the computer works or not, it is almost impossible. Fortunately, potemkinskaja the village was not useful: at the last minute malfunction managed to be liquidated.
having looked on hooting " Lomonosov " and having communicated to scientists, Medvedev has taken an interest at once, a leah it is possible to increase capacity of a supercomputer. So Vsevolod Opanasenko has got for the company work for some years forward. On creation and upgrade " Lomonosov " for three years in total cunningly nearby 3 mlrd rbl. the Computer has got on 12 - ju a line in a rating of the most powerful world supercomputers, and " T - platforms " There were the company number seven on a turn among world manufacturers, under the version of analytical company IDC.
In the end of 2011 the Foreign trade and investment bank has redeemed a block package " T - platforms " for 1 mlrd rbl. " De - fakto in Russia we monopolists " tells Vsevolod Opanasenko. By calculations IDC, " T - platforms " supervise 70 % Russian and nearby 1 % of world market HPC (high-efficiency or supercomputers). In total company has collected about 400 supercomputers. Its basic client the state. But state orders a thing unpredictable. Today they are, and tomorrow are not present. Foreign trade and investment bank Opanasenko money spends for a gain of foreign private clients. Here screenshots precisely will not help.
superpenalties and petaflops
" 15 years ago I iPhone could be considered as a supercomputer. In 15 years present supercomputers can quite go in in iPhone " One of ancestors HPC - the industries, the professor of university of Tennessee Jack Dongarra at exhibition International Supercomputing Conference 2012 in Hamburg has told. " T - plaformy " have presented on it the smallest in the world supercomputer T - mini. In the size it strongly surpasses iPhone and reminds more likely a dining table. However the most tiny models of competitors are similar to wardrobes.
the market of supercomputers develops under the same scenario, as the personal computer industry: devices year from a year become more and more powerful, and the prices decrease. Judging by last rating Top500, the most powerful supercomputer in the world American IBM Sequoia. During test Linpack which, by the way, has thought up Dongarra, it has shown productivity 16,32 petaflopsa. Capacity " Lomonosov " 0,9 petaflopsa. 1 petaflops it kvadrillion mathematical operations in a second. Clock frequency of the usual laptop nearby 2 mlrd operations.
Supercomputers it is similar to superpenalties. They are necessary for very specific problems. For example, the Internet - giant Google contains the world`s largest park of servers, but does without supercomputers as each computer solves a separate problem. HPC - technologies are necessary, when set of processors work over one grandiose question.
so buy supercomputers basically military men, scientific institutions and the largest corporations. The market is insignificant. According to IDC, in 2011 it has made $10 mlrd (for comparison: servers it has been sold on $52,3 mlrd) from which only $100 million was necessary to Russia. However thus to be engaged HPC it is prestigious, and the margin of manufacturers exceeds 30 % against 5 - 10 % on servers. Supercomputers create the largest world vendory, among which IBM, HP and Cray. How Opanasenko has got to this company?
the Child prodigy - the millionaire
" I in IT - business of 25 years " Speaks 40 - summer Vsevolod Opanasenko. In the end of 1980 - h the Russian scientist Evgenie Velihov has brought from Japan one of the first in CCCP personal computers. He has created youth design office where invited the endowed Moscow schoolboys. Among them there was senior pupil Opanasenko.
Schoolboys solved quite adult problems. For example, Vsevolod has developed graphic library which the Academy of Sciences has sold the company which were letting out computer games. The young programmer has received for it the scarce tape recorder " Electronics " and medal VDNH.
And here first $1 million Vsevolod Opanasenko has received, when, being student RGTU of a name of Tsiolkovsky, was engaged in shuttle business imported into the country personal computers. In the end of 1990 - h its company Micronic has bought factory where 800 persons collected mice, keyboards, power units and other accessories in China.
Micronic, according to Opanasenko, supervised 25 % of the Russian market of accessories. Its turn exceeded some tens millions dollars, but the net profit was small. " the product did not have any added value, all war went round the price, scornfully responds about the first business of Opanasenko. I would like not competitive vysokomarzhinalnogo business ". It would be desirable, probably, for everything, but Opanasenko has managed to find such business.
" I was kicked only with the lazy. Friends spoke, where you, the fool, has got? " remembers Opanasenko. In 2002 he has sold factory in China, and has soon curtailed also distribution business. Obtained " some millions dollars " Vsevolod has directed on creation of the new company " T - platforms ".
After crisis of 1998 the Russian high schools and the companies did not buy supercomputers. In Russia they were developed only by scientists in the Federal nuclear centre in Sarov. But they served needs of Rosatom, without selling the technologies to foreign customers. " it was clear that this calm before a storm. As soon as the economy will go to growth, there will be a demand " tells Opanasenko.
it was necessary to Wait for Game of patriots two years. All this time of Vsevolod Opanasenko basically spent. It contained staff from 20 employees who studied the advanced foreign workings out and searched for ways of reduction in price of some accessories. For example, cooling systems where operating time Micronic were useful.
Besides, " T - platforms " were ready to show the big flexibility. " in a forehead to struggle with monsters it was useless. But the large companies let out ready rulers of supercomputers, and we have decided to make original tuning - studio where each computer becomes under needs of the concrete customer " Explains Opanasenko. At it were matematicheski the grounded command which part has come from youth club, and good knowledge of the market of accessories.
however the first order " T - platforms " have received not thanks to the attractive price or flexibility, and from - for the Russian residence permits. In 2003 the company became the participant joint Belarus - the Russian state program the SCYTHIAN (the Supercomputer initiative " the Phoenix ") Which purpose to equip high schools and scientific research institute of these countries with supercomputers. As customers acted academy of Sciences of Belarus and Minprom of the Russian Federation. As the director of Institute of program systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergey Abramov speaks, development of supercomputer technologies in Russia became one of the program purposes, therefore there was an accurate installation to involve mainly Russian manufacturers.
in creation of a supercomputer the SCYTHIAN - 1000 cost of $2 million besides " T - platforms " took part about 40 companies and scientific research institute. Company Opanasenko was responsible for integration of various technical decisions. " separately elements were as it should be, and all together did not work " with horror remembers Vsevolod Opanasenko. It was found out that failure arises from - for mobile phones which employees used. Engineers had to alter payments to rectify a fault.
" they have declared at once that the supercomputer was collected by " command; T - platforms " though their merit was not too great, tells Abrams. in scientific organisation to appropriate results of another`s works it is considered indecent. There was a big scandal ". Began Opanasenko, really, as one of suppliers, but in the middle of 2000 - h " T - platforms " began to do supercomputers " on a turn-key basis ": from " gland " and the software before preparation of experts of the customer which will work with HPC. Within the limits of the state program " T - platforms " have collected some tens supercomputers, including SCYTHIAN Cyberia for the Tomsk state university for $1,9 million and " the SCYTHIAN the Monomove " for the Vladimirskiy state university for $0,75 million All the SCYTHIAN till 2010 Russia and Belarus have spent for the program nearby 1 mlrd rbl.
However, the state it has appeared not the repeat client. The tender for working out of the next supercomputer " The SCYTHIAN the Aurora " on 80 million rbl. in 2009 company RSK the SCYTHIAN registered for some months before has unexpectedly won. In the transaction has become interested FAS as general director RSK SCYTHIAN Vadim Zadneprovsky simultaneously was the deputy director of the INFORMATION RETRIEVAL SYSTEM of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the customer and the organizer of the auctions. However in 2010 the Arbitration court of Moscow has rejected claim FAS and recognised the tender lawful. So Opanasenko had a first domestic competitor group of companies RSK.
the Hour of triumph " Lomonosov "
Crisis 2009 became an hour of triumph of Vsevoloda Opanasenko: Open Society gain " T - platforms " by data " SPARK - Interfax " has grown four times, to 1,8 mlrd rbl. the Net profit has thus made 107 million rbl. All thanks to the most grandiose in Russia NRS - to the project " Lomonosov ".
" At competition was two offers from a consortium of developers the SCYTHIAN and from " T - platforms ". Specifications were such that anybody, except Opanasenko wins it could not " Sergey Abramov tells. " it was war of technical and price decisions. I on 90 % have been assured that we will not receive this order " assures Opanasenko.
to execute the grandiose order, Opanasenko was necessary even to double staff to 200 persons. In 2009 - 2011 " T - platforms " some times increased capacity of a supercomputer. But now all " gold " it is already chosen.
" Lomonosov " is in demand: the turn on its use reaches half a year. For example, he counted the formula of a medicine for an old age and created model which simulates socially - economic development of Russia throughout the following of 50 years. " we are happy with results of cooperation with " T - platforms " but the further expansion of capacity it is not supposed " tells the deputy director Scientifically - research computer centre of the Moscow State University Vladimir Voevodin. In 2011 financing of the program the SCYTHIAN has come to the end also.
Open Society gain " T - platforms " for 2011, by data " SPARK - Interfax " Opanasenko has fallen to 1,15 mlrd rbl. However has created parallel biznesy.
the Household supercomputer
the Most popular stand at exhibition International Supercomputing Conference 2012 belonged to company IBM. And not only because it is the largest player from shares of 47 %. IBM has placed at the stand a simulator of an auto racing with 3D - points and a mobile armchair. On a broader scale - that for the organisation of such attraction the supercomputer is not necessary, the usual powerful personal computer would suffice also, but the man`s audience of an exhibition was built in turn to send on errands.
more than 60 % of world market NRS These are government programs, but there are still rich private universities, corporations and show business where supercomputers too are claimed. At the expense of them Vsevolod Opanasenko also diversified the business. It used a method from sphere b2c has given possibility the test - a drive.
the largest manufacturers of supercomputers are not engaged in services. They sell cars, a software, but do not do calculations for clients. Still in the middle of 2000 - h engineers " T - platforms " have constructed own supercomputer which used, for example, for calculation of cooling system " Lomonosov ". To interest customers, managers also suggested to count any difficult decisions for large business free of charge. For example, have found out, how the car bumper is deformed at collision, and have shown results the Autovase. After that in 2007 the car factory has bought a supercomputer at " T - platforms ".
In 2008 Opanasenko has put calculations on a stream, having organised the company " T - service ". " When Vsevolod has come and has told that creates the company which will train people HPC, I have lighted up at once. In innovation business it is possible to introduce where faster, than in a science " the director of the centre of computing examination " remembers; T - service " Alexander Murashov. Earlier it worked in MGIU.
the Key problem of the scientists who have got to business, fast loss of scientific qualification. Therefore Murashov has allowed to combine to employees work at institutes and in " T - service ".
In 2010 the company has won competition on rendering of services " Rosnano " for a total sum of 200 million rbl. There were also the clients who in any way have been not connected with state financing. For example, " T - service " has made some scenes in Timur Bekmambetova`s film " the Black lightning " Has calculated distribution of temperature in a mountain-skiing complex " Snezh. A clod " and pressure of a wind upon advertising designs. Average cost of such projects 4 million rbl. Clients stand in a queue on two - three months.
in 2011 the service enterprise has brought Opanasenko about 20 % of a turn, having compensated gain decrease " T - platforms ". " Calculation that, having tried, people will start to buy supercomputers " tells Vsevolod. Millions dollars are For this purpose not so necessary. For example, T - mini capacity 2,6 teraflopsa (in 360 times it is less " Lomonosov ") Costs from 1,5 million rbl. of Opanasenko expects to sell to its designers and manufacturers of animation. The computer has been presented for the first time at an exhibition in June, and on it some demands already have arrived.
territory of monsters
Since last year Vsevolod Opanasenko has opened offices of sales and service in Hanover, Kiev, Taipei, Hong Kong and American Has fallen - Alto. He assures that lets out similar supercomputers on 5 - 10 % more cheaply leaders of the market. The Russian supercomputers it is daringAxis to sell in National university of Singapore, the Center of high-efficiency calculations of Leipzig, the Finnish supercomputer centre CSC and others. However, the foreign markets last year have brought " T - to platforms " only about 3 % of a gain.
" abroad while has put so-so: we only come on territory of monsters " tells Opanasenko. At its company more than 200 international patents, but on R &D it spends in times less than global competitors. What chances to be fixed in the world market? " while " T - platforms " it is all - taki the successful integrator, instead of vendor which creates new values, the editor of magazine about HPC " considers; Open systems " Leonid Chernjak. In Russia Opanasenko works in vacuum. To face the west, he should create new technologies ". The Russian residence permit in this business does not give any advantages.