the Maximum in ten years broadband access to the Internet will replace habitual television aerials and telephone lines. On a communication quality the Internet - the telephony was already made even to traditional communication, and quantity of the video content given on the Internet, is comparable to a variety of a cable television. Typing popularity all over the world provajderskaja model tripleplay on which granting of telecommunication and digital TV is combined with granting of access to the Internet becomes a push to such succession of events.
it is cheaper and more convenient
VoIP (voiceoverIP) - a way of transfer of a vocal signal through the Internet, or as experts speak, with use IP - the Internet - the report. Its Israeli company VocalTec in 1994 has invented, and in 1995 - m has let out the first commercial program, allowing to establish a voice communication on a network between computers. It was called InternetPhone and has been intended for users of recently shown operating system Windows. In March, 1996 the Internet has been united for the first time with usual telephone lines in a uniform network of date transmission. Within the limits of project InternetTelephonyGateway VocalTec together with the Canadian company Dialogic has developed a sluice, the reformative human voice received through telephone lines, in the digital signal compressing it, breaking into packages of the data and passing on IP. These operations, and also the return - for bidirectional coupling maintenance - were carried out in real time. Thus, through the Internet communication between two phones became possible. Sluices were on sale to telecommunication companies from the different countries - by 1999, according to analysts from IDC, the Internet - the telephony already totaled 18 million subscribers worldwide.
carrying capacity IP - channels much above, than at telephone lines: On the Internet - to a cable some calls lost-free a communication quality simultaneously can be carried out. Besides, to realise many problems on the basis of technology VoIP using transfer of a digital code, more cheaply and easier, than on the basis of analogue communication. For example, protection against listening, the organisation of conferences, number definition, deduction of a call or service granting " an answering machine ".
Skype and others
Market VoIP in Russia has started to be formed in the zero. Then there was a set small " card " the operators, reselling to subscribers the cheap Internet - the traffic with the huge surcharge as telecommunication. The person bought a card, typed on phone in tonovom a mode a code from a map, and further its conversations were passed through the Internet - the channel. Here is how it worked in practice: operator VoIP paid for mbyte of the traffic 10 copeck and sold this mbyte to the subscriber from Moscow for 10 rbl. Under the pretext of 10 minutes of conversation, say, with Kazan. The client with pleasure bought 10 minutes of conversation for 10 rbl. as usual operators asked for the same time of conversation on a telephone line not less than 30 rbl. of Clients was so much that operators the Internet - a telephony not especially were stirred with a communication quality. The large operators earlier dividing all market of a telephony, strongly suffered affliction, first of all " Rostelecom " possessing actual monopoly for a long-distance communication.
as a result by 2005 the state has frozen " wild " market VoIP: in the law " About communication " additional norms have been entered. Now for granting of a long-distance communication it is necessary for operator to obtain the special licence - it was received by the companies having own equipment in all 89 regions of Russia. As a result large operators of a voice communication still had only one competitor - the world`s largest operator the Internet - communications company Skype about a staff - apartment in Luxembourg. At session of commission RSPP on telecommunications and the information technologies, passed in July, 2009, the first deputy of the general director " the Megaphone! Valery Ermakov summarised that - a telephony, it is possible to solve the problems which have arisen at operators in connection with distribution IP two ways - or to struggle with VoIP - services, or to render similar services. As we can observe today, the Russian operators have chosen the second way that, certainly, contributes in intensive development of market VoIP in particular and telecommunications on a broader scale.
Throughout zero years the Internet - providers worldwide gave All to subscribers IP - a telephony, considering it only as one of additional services. The model tripleplay, including as well granting IPTV, was introduced for the first time by the Italian operator Fastweb in 2001, but until recently it was not widespread. Last years this model is represented to many telecommunication companies the vital element of development of business. The matter is that incomes of analogue telecommunication fall, as this market is sated for a long time, besides pressure constantly grows from operators of a wireless communication.
by the way, British VirginMedia since 2006 gives to the subscribers access to the Internet, a telephony, IPTV and more cellular communication. It is called quadrupleplay and became possible thanks to merge of cable company NTLIreland with cellular îïåðàòîðîìVirginMobileUK. Now by means of the modern mobile phones equipped Wi - Fi transmitters, àáîíåíòûVirginMedia can carry out cheap calls, being in access zones to a wireless internet given by this operator.
in Russia services quadrupleplay while are not present, however tripleplay now actively extends.
in 2008 " severo - Western a TV set " nowadays a part " Rostelecom " has started to render this service in St.-Petersburg, in 2009 - m - in the Kaliningrad region, and since 2011 it of a steel used 20 thousand subscribers " Rostelecom " in the Siberian federal district. In 2010 " Ayr - a Telecom " present at all autonomous regions, except Far East, also has begun granting tripleplay under own brand " All in the house ".
For today the technology tripleplay in regions is extended more widely, than in Moscow. It is connected by that large players gradually displace accent from the reached saturation of the market of Moscow towards the growing regional markets and actively compete on them.
Company TTK planning by 2015 to occupy 15 % of the regional market of broadband access to the Internet, also is going to give tripleplay.
" One of our problems on 2012 - - to start 2013 tripleplay in the majority of cities of presence TTK (them now nearby 100. - BG) Along with broadband access to the Internet and a telephony we will start to render services of analogue television (to 60 channels), a digital television on technologies DVB - C (to 120 channels) and IPTV (to 200 channels) in the majority of regions of presence. HDTV from TTK also will appear in those regions where it will be started IPTV. We give to corporate clients such value added services, as a video conferencing, video observation, the security alarm system. In a package for private persons of these services while is not present, but we think over in the near future to offer any of corporate value added services to ours retail to clients. For example, video observation " - have told in a press - service TTK. Saturation the Internet - connections by value added services not udorozhaet it. For the inquiry: In Ekaterinburg it is possible to connect the broadband Internet from TTK with a speed to 20 Mbit / with for 450 roubles, and in Syktyvkar - with a speed to 28 Mbit / with for 500 roubles.
Develops tripleplay and in capital: MGTS has started to give it in the beginning of 2009 and also is going to integrate with access to the Internet high definition television (HDTV), video observation, fire protection and video calls. According to employees a press - MGTS centre, all it becomes accessible thanks to making in Moscow new lines on the basis of technology GPON (Gigabit - capable Passive Optical Networks), 1 Gbit providing carrying capacity / with and for last five years widely adopted worldwide.
works on development GPON in Moscow have begun in 2011. Lines plan to finish to each city object. The project termination has initially been appointed to 2017, however according to the leading expert of management on public relations of MGTS of Alexey Potekhin, term was displaced recently for 2014. By the way, the same technology is widely used " Rostelecom " in regions for the same purpose - grantings as it is possible bolshego quantities of services in one line. For example, in the Siberian joint-stock company at " Rostelecom " to GPON it is connected 130 thousand subscribers, in Severo - Western - 150 thousand, and by 2012 this figure, by company estimations, will increase to 400 thousand
Models of granting of telecommunication services develop: at the moment MGTS actively works over so-called multiekrannostju - possibility to use all telecommunication services from any device, including the mobile.
" the Internet - a cable never becomes the exclusive tool for an exit of the user in information field. For example, the linear (traditional) television will turn in digital, but will be passed in all environments: an aether, a coaxial cable, the companion. The telephony all will faster migrate towards wireless technologies " - Alexander Shugol, the assistant to the general director of company J ` son and Partners Consulting, specialising on the analysis of the markets of telecommunications and media speaks.
however, the general trend is visible also to the nonspecialist. In the nearest some years we will observe development of a synergy of the various services which are carried out on the basis of digital technologies of date transmission. Perhaps, years through five Internet also will not replace analogue communication lines, but the telecommunication companies which have not entered the digital market, most likely, any more does not remain.