" Russian talent carries out the ideals unintentionally... Suddenly, lying on a sofa as Regional ohms, or walking along the street. Ideas come to it unexpectedly and as leave, without having had time to be issued, yield any practical result. Perhaps it is bad, and can, and it is good. But it is necessary to know to each Russian person that Russia the spirituality country, the country of talents, the country of the latent possibilities. Also will punch hour when we will correct spoilt, we will create not created, and the enemy will be broken! Russian should not doubt it! "
" the club has for an object association in the circle of persons, the interested streamlining, improvement and distribution avtomobilizma in all its kinds, stages and applications, understanding as this name any means of transportation by means of motors without a directing track ". So the very first point of its charter - the thin and narrow book printed in small circulation which was saved by any miracle in one of libraries said. This charter, pair of annual reports and some articles in magazines - here, perhaps, and everything that remains from Southern - the Russian Automobile Club, one of few automobile communities in pre-revolutionary Russia, managed to pass a way from " ideals " to " practical result ".
Universal automobilization as if has avoided the Russian empire. If shots of a newsreel of the beginning of the XX-th century have embodied dense streams of movement in streets of New York and a traffic jam in Paris at us one coachmen got to objectives. In 1913 - that to which then will compare still for a long time rates of increase of socialist economy, in St.-Petersburg have registered only 2036 private cars. In pervoprestolnoj them was even less, and in such big cities as Odessa or Kiev, was only on 300 - 400 " private traders ". Thus that population of Russia made 159,2 million persons.
it is surprising, but at such statistics the quantity of automobile clubs and societies in pre-revolutionary Russia came nearer to thirty. The number of motorists though was insignificant, but the majority of them aspired to association, especially in a province where the modern vehicle met more opponents, than supporters is more often. Automobile communities arose not only in Petersburg and Moscow, but also in such cities, as Poltava, Simferopol, Ekaterinoslav, Sumy, Voronezh and even Tashkent. Among country towns Kharkov became one of the first in whom such club was formed - its charter have confirmed on August, 13th, 1911.
the games permitted by the government
When in Kharkov there was a first car - it is not known. In one of issues " the Car " for 1905 it is possible to read the answer of edition to the letter of the mister of Item N. N - skogo from Kharkov: " Cars of firm interesting you to well us are known. We recommend them for city driving ". Who will tell now, about what there was a speech... Among members JURAKa of the person with such initials and letters in a surname it was not found out - their lists were published in annual reports. For example, by January, 1st, 1912, that is through four and a half a month after establishment, in club 21 full member and 12 members - sorevnovatelej consisted. The Entrance fee for the first category made 100 roubles, and then annually on 50 roubles. " Sorevnovateli " paid on 25 and 15 roubles accordingly. For comparison of the prices of those years we will tell that to the hired driver the barin depending on own generosity monthly paid from 50 to 80 roubles a month. The vodka bottle cost rouble, and beef kg - 50 copecks.
Thumbing through pages of financial reports of club, at once it becomes visible that in due time a payment brought not all. So in the report for 1912 the debts on payments made 325 rbl. However the same year JURAK have closed balance with profit in 3160 roubles of 49 copecks. To understand, how such we has turned out, will return to the club charter in which except the purposes and problems have registered also the right to arrange " public amusements it is free and with payment collection " and also " any the card plays permitted by the Government, chess, dominoes ". Plus to it the right to dispose of real estate and also to sell cars and accessories to them. Here all also has begun.
as soon as having rented a summer premise on the Belgorod highway, the club has there and then handed over kitchen and buffet to the private businessman - to the last it managed in 1200 roubles a year. As a winter premise the club took in employment a building of Rimsko - the Roman catholic society which auditorium has handed over " for a known payment " Kharkov literary - to an art circle, without having forgotten to beat out thus the right to preferential visitation kruzhkovskih lectures by members JURAKa. As it is written in the report, " the further means of club were formed of an entrance fee, giving of playing cards, from incomes of masquerades arranged with club, concerts, evenings and other, and also from incomes, from organised on polovinnyh the beginnings with board HLHK of game of a lotto ". In the estimate for 1913 from such incomes the club planned to receive neither much nor few 12000 roubles. 3300 roubles more made incomes of auditorium tenancy, and 4400 - membership dues.
as of January, 1st, 1913 JURAK totaled already 46 full members and as much members - sorevnovatelej. Honorary members, and it is what " Having all rights of full members, are released from monetary payments " were various " the necessary people " as that the minister of an imperial court yard baron Frederiks, the Kharkov governor Mitrofan Katerinich together with spouse Olga, the chairman of the Moscow Automobile Society prince ShCherbatov and the vice-president of the Imperial Russian Automobile Society a wing - aide-de-camp Svechin. By the way, the last though was the most important thing in the country, but to oborotistosti the Kharkov motorists to it was far - without " the highest grants " the debit in IRAO did not converge with the credit.
Dejanie Romana Dukina
If honorary members JURAKa remained in the history thanks to the known names the others - only because got to different stories. Here one of them about whom wrote in a press. Comments, as they say, izlishni:
" To the mister to the public prosecutor of Kursk district court from barrister Alexander Nikolaevicha Orlova, zhitelstvujushchego in Kharkov on Office street in d. N26.
on June, 23rd, 1912 I drove on the car, following from Moscow to Kharkov, through village Afanasevku, Obojansky district, Kursk lips.
Here about a smithy stood some persons of the people, and one of them has very much started in me toporishchem of 3 / 4 arshins, shirinoju one and a half vershok and tolshchinoju 1 vershok. The car went with bystrotoju not less than 20 versts at an o`clock. toporishche with such force has hit about a car body that has bent iron massive sheets of a body. If blow has had in me or in someone from sitting in the car mortal wounds, probably, would be put us.
I have stopped the car. Thrown toporishche has escaped. Standing near to it has not wanted to name his name and a surname. Also have not wanted to name it both the owner of a smithy, and its worker. Only after the reference to desjatskomu, in the absence of the head, the gathered people named thrown in me toporishche Romanom Dukinym, and standing near to it and not wishing to name his name Nikolay Afanasevym. I ask about manufacture of a consequence and about attraction guilty ".
On the statement made by the barrister - or being expressed by the modern language, the lawyer, - the public prosecutor otpisal:
" Act of the Novel of Dukina can be brought only under 142 items of the Charter about punishments 1) as from circumstances of business it is not visible, that Dukin, throwing in it toporishchem, had intention to cause to it a mutilation, instead of wished to frighten only it and 2) as toporishche to it has not got and has not caused anybody any damages. Therefore and for siloju 18 items of the Charter about punishments, he, Eagles, can be converted with zhaloboju on Dukina to subject Zemsky Chief ".
For the inquiry, article 142 of the Charter about punishments provided arrest for the term of no more than three months for " arbitrariness, and is equal for the violence use, however without drawing of a heavy beating, wounds or a mutilation ". And article 18 defined that " wrongdoings against honour and the rights " are subject to punishment only under the complaint " suffered offence ". Than business trial has ended, there is no mention - it is more about it in magazines did not write.
the club has gone with amazing speed
Hardly could as - to promote that to unfortunate Orlovu in proceeding, but the decision of many other questions has appeared to it quite on forces. Almost at once after the establishment JURAK has organised an automobile workshop for clubmen, and after the introduction into the union with IRAO they, according to treaty provisions, have acquired the right to buy gasoline from fellowship " Br. Nobel " Not only at a discount, but also with home delivery - now, by the way, similar service is not rendered by any oil company. Gasoline then cost 4,20 for pood, but to members JURAKa it sold on three roubles. Then and it it seemed a little, and the club has agreed with fellowship " Br. Rylsky " to buy gasoline for 30 copecks is cheaper. " a concession in the price from the price-list " it has turned out to beat out and at the manufacturer of tyre covers - the Riga manufactory " the Guide " having received in a makeweight also " the guarantee for endurance on distance in 3000 versts ". Even insurance of cars of clubmen by a society " Russia " it was carried out at a discount. Besides, JURAK watched also a road condition: the club board regularly threw town council petitions for correction of roadways.
at club operated and it is sports - the technical commission - it arranged run and races. The organised columns clubmen went to Moscow, Poltava, the Eagle, Belgorod and other cities. There were also more distant trips, for example, Verner Romanovich Krauzer has ventured on the 12 - the strong car to drive across Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Has not confused him and driving prospect on mountain district: " With the decision of a question on, a leah the car will be strong enough to climb up mounts, I have finished very simply - all have fallen down on lovely everything, to us so familiar " perhaps ". The typical approach in " to the spirituality country "!
To the war beginning Kharkov became one of the centres avtomobilizma in the south of Russia - in a city representations FIAT, Austin, Opel, Peugeot, NAG, Minerva, Benz, Laurin and Klement worked. The attention pochtilo Kharkov and Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft, passed sales of cars Mercedes in hands of the trading house " Brown and Epp " to the address: Fish street, the house 30. In 1913 the club has spent three races, and participants came even from Moscow. One of which - R.Notomb at the wheel racing Metallurgique - " has developed unprecedented for harkovtsev speed " having passed verst from a course for 27? Seconds. In transfer into a modern measure it about 130 km / ch. " To car of this during the first running there was extraordinary funny episode. By rules of races on the car there should be a presence of three persons. R.Notomb, without being informed on this indispensable condition and without having received still starting number, without the knowledge of present, has escaped and has gone with amazing speed. Air pressure was so strong that has torn off a back part of a body and has scattered on all road tools stored in a body, bags, rags. Public has worried some disturbing instants as it seemed to it that the person has flied from the car, and that its interiors have fallen out. What amazement of public when the dissipated dust has found out was that for the person the car body has been accepted, and for its interiors all taking off accessories " have been accepted;.
Here dangers are not present
In last premilitary report JURAK as usual publishes lists of members: 79 valid and 85 " sorevnovatelej ". It is possible to tell that the sum of these two numbers and is approximate number of cars in Kharkov in 1914 - the rare automobile owner did not consist in club. How here not to remember September, 1911 when JURAK met run Petersburg - Sevastopol, and to its participants have arranged parking on the race hippodrome, which tribunes " were full the public, going to look still an unprecedented show in Kharkov of a simultaneous congestion of such quantity of cars ".
Races and run have stopped with World War I beginning. The cars on mobilisation have obliged to hand over owners, but the club managed to defend thirty cars which were engaged in transportation of wounded men from station in an infirmary that immediately called a discontent wave. " under the law of struggle the idle does not love working, and on the contrary. In view of what the appeared ill-wishers began to direct the stings towards Geneva cross Committee: - Why here in Kharkov cars work? Here danger is not present. Why on front do not go? There they it is more necessary ". For club the newspaper " has interceded; Kharkov and war " written about it the reporting: " Many of visitors believe that activity of automobile club in Kharkov is limited only to game in a lotto, meanwhile it is far not so. This club, pursuing only the it is purely sports - technical problems, has managed to respond during present heavy time to needs of war more than any other establishment such. At club since August, 19th, 1914 the automobile column which is engaged in transportation of wounded and sick warriors from station in all infirmaries correctly functions. The advantage brought by club, is huge! " also the club has generated two auto - sanitary group which have sent on front. Wives of motorists have organised the " a ladies` circle " engaged in tailoring of linen for an infirmary.
news that the meeting of local committee of the Geneva cross on which the club has summed up the activity during war on August, 19th, 1917 has taken place became last news from JURAKa - by its cars have transported 516 364 wounded. " after war, - it was told in the report, - there will be a considerable quantity of strong and high-speed tourist self-feeds, and irrespective of external position and economic conditions for avtomobilizma the unprecedented till this moment brilliant epoch " will open;. The new epoch has come in Kharkov in December, 1917 when in a city the Soviet power has been intoned.